Azerbaijan Cheat Sheet (Azerbaijan At a Glance):

 Formal Name

 Republic of Azerbaijan

 Location of Azerbaijan

 Europe, Asia






 86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi)

 Land Boundaries

 Total: 2657,1km, Land Borders: Russia (390km), Georgia (480km), Iran (765km), Armenia (1007,1km) and Turkey (15km)


 9.9 Million

 Ethnic Groups

 Azerbaijani, Lezgian, Armenian, Russian


 Azerbaijani & Lezgian

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 59 districts, 11 cities, 1 autonomous republic (7 Districts & 1 City). Azerbaijan is subdivided into 9 regions.


 Islam (Shia Muslims), Christianity


 Manat (AZN)

 Time Zone

 UTC + 4 (AZT)

 Calling Code


 Internet TLD


 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival


 Major Cities

 Ganja, Sumgait, Mingechevir, Lankaran, Agdam, Khachmaz, Quba, Shamakhi

Geography of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is a country located in Eurasia region. It is situated in Caucasus region of Eurasia. Azerbaijan Geography is dominated by three physical features. First is Caspian Sea in the east, second is Greater Caucasus mountain range in the north and third is extensive flatland in the centre of Azerbaijan. Caspian Sea’s shoreline forms a natural boundary for the country in the east. Azerbaijan is a small country in size with total area of 86,600 Sq. KM only. In the east Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea, Georgia and Russia to the north, Iran to the south, and Armenia to the southwest and west. Baku is the capital city of Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan Nature is influenced by the fact that majority of the country is surrounded by mountains except its eastern part Caspian shoreline and some other areas. So you can see lot of mountain landscapes in Azerbaijan. The greater Caucasus mountain range is Azerbaijan’s highest elevation and Bazardyuze Dagi rising to the height of 4,485 m is the highest peak in the country.

Climate and Weather in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan Climate varies. It has subtropical and humid climate in the southeast and subtropical and dry climate in central and eastern regions. The climatological diversity of Azerbaijan is mainly contributed by the complicated geographical location and landscape of the country, the proximity of Caspian Sea, Sun’s radiation effect and air masses of different region. There are 9 climate patterns found in Azerbaijan out of 11 Koppen climate classifications. Central lowland of Azerbaijan has semi desert and dry steppe climate and south hills of the country are covered with mild, dry winters. Climate in Azerbaijan is generally warm in coastal region and temperature falls down in areas with proximity to mountains.

One can experience good Azerbaijan Weather during the months of May, June, July, August and September. During these months Azerbaijan has pleasant average temperatures. July and August are warmest month and January is the coolest. November is the wettest month and so it is not considered the best month for visiting the country.

History of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan History is such that it was under different empire’s rules for long periods and enjoyed only brief periods of independent statehood. Arabs arrived first into Azerbaijan in 7th century and they established Islam as the predominant religion in this land. Then in 11th century Seljuk Turks arrived and they made Turkish as the main language of the land. Later on Ottoman Turks and Iranians influenced Azerbaijan. This was followed by taking over Northern Azerbaijan by Russians in 1812 while southern part was still a province of Iran. Series of wars between Russia and Iran took place and Russia emerged victorious however this did not last for long as after the World War I in 1917, Azerbaijan got freedom as a result of Russia’s collapse.

History of Azerbaijan since 1917 saw prosperity for this young country. Oil exploration in Caspian Sea contributed heavily for generating huge wealth for the country. This period stayed for a while only and in 1920 Russians returned and they established Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Since then it struggled for freedom and got it only after Soviet Union collapsed.  So, Azerbaijan History is interesting and one can see the struggle of the land to get freedom. It is a small land but rich with history.

Culture and Traditions in Azerbaijan

Though Azerbaijan is largely Muslim population yet it is very much secular society looking religion as a private matter. Azeri is the language of the country and Russian language is spoken widely here. Azerbaijan Culture received major influence of Iranian, Turkic and Caucasian heritage. No one can forget Russian influence on cultural development of the country. Having footprint of past Azerbaijan in modern times is very much influenced from western culture as well. Dance is a major part of its culture. There are several folk dances of Azerbaijani people which are quite old and melodious as well. Abayi, Agir Karadagi and Alcha Gulu are some names of local folk dances.

Azerbaijan Tradition is worth experiencing. They are welcoming people and they are quite artist as well. Carpet and textile making are ancient Azerbaijani crafts which flourished in the medieval period and they became popular in entire Asia and Europe. Azerbaijani Rugs are super example of their carpet weaving and Azerbaijani carpets and textiles have always been known for their rich vegetation patterns, depictions from the poetry of Nezami Ganjavi, and traditional themes. For a very long time Azerbaijan has been known as a center where large variety of crafts took place and that continue. Another example is miniature books incorporating elaborate calligraphy and illustrations.

Food and Cuisine in Azerbaijan

The Azerbaijani Cuisine has influences of the foods of different cultures for centuries. Even today once can find that cuisine of Azerbaijan has distinctive and unique features. Many Azerbaijani foods which are an integral part of the country can now be seen in the cuisines of other neighbouring cultures. For the Azerbaijan people, food is very significant part of their culture. Their foods and cuisine are deeply rooted in the history, traditions and values of the nation. Azerbaijan has 9 climate zones out of 11 in the world, which contributes heavily in making Azerbaijan a richly fertile land which in turn contributes in richness of cuisine of the country.

Azerbaijan Food is full of greens and vegetables and there is lot of varieties as well. Vegetables like aubergine, sweet pepper, spinach, cabbage, beet, onion, radish etc are used in variety of dishes. Rice and flour products are used in national cuisine. Fresh herbs also accompany main dishes quite often. Many of Azerbaijan national food items are made of lamb and poultry meat. Light snacks are also very much part of starters of meals. Black tea is the national beverage of Azerbaijan. This is taken after food is eaten and Black Tea is offered to guests as a welcome gesture also.
Languages of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan’s state language belongs to Oguz sub-group of the south-west branch of Turkic language. The different dialects of modern Azerbaijani languages are Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern group.
Interesting Facts About Azerbaijan

The most well-known of Azerbaijan’s burning mountains is Yanar Dag. It burns all year round due to natural gas escaping from the ground.

Azerbaijan is the first country in the world to declare themselves Muslim democratic country with equal rights for women.

Azerbaijan was the first country in the world to start organized oil drilling and around 2nd world war, produced 70% of the world’s oil supply.

Azerbaijan is situated on the banks of Caspian Sea, which is the biggest lake in the world.

Garry Kasparov, a former world chess champion, was born in Azerbaijan's capital, Baku, and attended chess school there.

The national animal of Azerbaijan is the Karabakh Horse. They are famed for their speed and good temperament.

The public transport is presented by Baku (Azerbaijan) metro and numerous minibuses. At any time of the day, you can use the services of private taxis, which will take you to the needed point in Azerbaijan.

The first medical aid is usually free. There are also private paid medical clinics and services, doctors that can speak a foreign language. In the chemists’ there is a big choice of medicaments and most of them are open 24 hours with their ‘Aptek’ glow sign boards.

The Gobustan Nature Park has been declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations. As well as half the mud volcanoes in the world, it is also home to well preserved ancient rock art and carvings, and the unique “musical stones” known as Gaval Dashgot that gives a peek into the lives of the pre-historic inhabitants of Azerbaijan.

People in Azerbaijan are genuinely surprised when you are trying to take pictures of something ugly, unfinished or poor. Seriously they can’t understand why don’t you shoot nice and shiny new government buildings!

Azerbaijan is home to half of the world’s population of mud volcanoes, over 400 in fact.



Azerbaijan Tourism

Azerbaijan, lies on oil-rich Caspian Sea, is also known as the ‘Land of Fire’ concluded as a puzzle of diversity and discrepancy. Azerbaijan was home to the first human beings on earth and the most ancient proto human habitation. The oldest discovered human remains was discovered here. Azerbaijan proclaimed independence in 1918 and has been the world's first democratic country and the first to grant equal political rights to women. The country has 3400 mud volcanoes and consists of various different landscapes. The population consists of various nationalities and ethnicities and has cosmopolitan cultures. It's the land of music and in 2003, Mugham, a form of classical poetry was recognized by UNESCO as masterpiece of aural and cultural heritage of humanity. People are friendly and fun loving. Azerbaijan has produced some of the greatest poets, scientists, musicians and is home to several UNESCO world heritage sites. With its rich culture and heritage, Azerbaijan attracts.

Baku is the capital and largest cosmopolitan city of Azerbaijan, politically, economically and culturally involved city. It is located 28 meters (92 ft.) below the sea level and on the shores of Caspian Sea, the largest salt water lake on the planet. Baku is surrounded by the semi deserts and mud volcanoes along with curios fire phenomena. Luscious orchards are backed by the Great Caucasus mountains are a breathtaking contrasts. This city is acclaimed for its archaic walled old city, contains the Palace of Shirvanshahs, royal complex and the Maiden Tower. To explore the magnificent view of the Baku city, you must visit Maiden Tower, majestic as well as mysterious monument. Baku Seaside Park, Boulevard, is the most attractive place for all who visit Baku. Alongside with historical monuments, modern Baku has gained new architecture and marvelous icons of engineering. The city skyline is filled with curvaceous glass buildings in between ancient and European modern architecture. One has to take a walk in the evening to see the fascinating lighting of the buildings which surely is commendable artwork.

Why not to travel to Azerbaijan? Pack your bags and fly to dredge up the Land of Fire with the impressive Azerbaijan Tour Packages. All the holiday packages to Azerbaijan will definitely give you some thrilling yet amazing memories to persist.

Get to know more About Azerbaijan: Dook Dossier 2017-2018

Attractions in Baku & Azerbaijan:

Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, where past and present intricately intertwined, has three UNESCO world heritage sites alongside the most modern and futurist architecture. Below are some popular tourist attractions:

Old Baku City

Baku Boulevard

Azerbaijan Carpet Museum

National Museum of History of Azerbaijan

Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku

Absheron Peninsula

Nizami Street - Recreational and shopping Place

Ateshgah (Temple of Fire)

Yanardag (Burning Mountain)

Nohur Lake, Baku

Bibi Heybat Mosque

Highland Park

Gobustan Ancient Caves and Mud Volcanoes (UNESCO site)

National Flag Square

Ski Resort Day Excursions (Gabala & Shahdag)

Genjlik Mall

Boat Ride in Caspian Sea - The World's Biggest Lake

Travel Guide

Penny Wise Azerbaijan


Price in Manat

Price in Dollars ($)

 Meal for 2, in mid range Restaurant, Three-course



 Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar



 Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught)



 Imported Beer  (330 ml bottle)



 Cappuccino (regular)



 Coke/Pepsi  (330 ml bottle)



 Water (330 ml bottle)



 Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)



 Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro)



 Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)



* Prices are our approximation and may vary slightly.
* Prices are market prices of articles and may vary at restaurants and hotels.

Azerbaijan Flight Connections (Flight to Baku)

Destination: Baku - Azerbaijan
Pickup & Drop: Delhi International Airport
Mode of Travel (Flight Details): Fixed Departure for Baku

Baku Flight Connections:

• Air Arabia has flights to Baku twice a week from 13 ports in India.
• Uzbekistan Airways has flights from Delhi to Baku via Tashkent.
• Fly Dubai has daily flights from 8 airports in India.

Azerbaijan Tour FAQs

If you have any query about Azerbaijan Tourism, Tourist Destinations, Attractions, Visa Process, and other tour related information then visit Frequently Asked Questions of Azerbaijan.

Visa Information

Azerbaijan Visa Information:

Azerbaijan Visa process takes 7 working days.

Documents Required:

• Scanned passport copy in JPG format not exceed than 1 MB.
• Soft copy of photos.

Contact for more details about Azerbaijan Tourist Visa!

Enquiry Form
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