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Azerbaijan Attractions

Tourist Attractions in Azerbaijan

Top Attractions in Baku

1. Ateshgah Temple (The Fire Temple)

The Baku Ateshgah, often called the "Fire Temple of Baku" is a castle-like religious temple in Surakhani, a suburb in Baku. Based on Persian and Indian inscriptions, temple was used as a Hindu and Zoroastrian place of worship. "Atash" is the Persian word for fire. It was abandoned after 1883 when oil and gas plants were established in the vicinity, ending the flow of natural gas to the temple and extinguishing the holy fire. The complex was turned into a museum in 1975. The Temple of Fire "Ateshgah" was nominated for List of World Heritage Sites, UNESCO in 1998.

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Ateshgah Temple (The Fire Temple)
 

2. Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku

Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center, awarded as the ‘Design of the Year’ in 2014, termed as one of the symbols of modern Baku. The cultural centre includes an auditorium, museum, exhibition halls and administrative offices. Developed in 2007 by architect Zaha Hadid, the opening took place in 2012. You have heard or seen some amazing architectures of the modern time in the world. Heydar Aliyev Center beats them all probably. This is a building with curves. There is no column in the building. It is flowing and has mainly three distinctively different pieces under one roof. One is the conference hall or auditorium; two is a gallery hall and third is a museum. You can simply flow from one part to the other from inside the center enjoying each section of it.

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Heydar Aliyev Center Baku
 

3. Azerbaijan Carpet Museum, Baku

In 1972, the first visitors could see the rare exhibits in the museum. Since beginning, the museum housed carpets and other Azerbaijani art. Today, there are more than 14,000 exhibits, including carpets, jewellery, clothing, embroidery, delicate glass pieces, wood and felt. Carpet Museum is one of the most popular Azerbaijan points of interest for travelers. Carpet Museum is now located in a new building on the seafront park in Baku. Earlier till 2014 it was located in Neftchiler Avenue from where it was moved to new building in 2014. In the Carpet Museum you can see Azerbaijani carpets on display and also rug items of various weaving techniques and materials from different times in the history. Azerbaijani carpets are world famous and Carpet museum has the largest collection of Azerbaijani carpets.

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Azerbaijan Carpet Museum, Baku
 

4. Baku Boulevard

Baku Boulevard is a promenade established in 1909 which runs parallel to Baku’s seafront. Its history goes back more than 100 years. The park stretches along a south facing bay on the Caspian sea. It traditionally starts at Freedom square continuing west to the old city and beyond. Today this boulevard or National Park is known as real gem of Baku city. Over a period of time Boulevard has been focus area of the government. Some key developments in last decade alone prove this fact. Earlier until 2009 there were 28 entertainment attractions here but they all got replaced by new carousels and rides. Well, Baku Boulevard offers the city’s best view of expansive and magical Caspian Sea. You can have a great leisurely seaside amble in the city of Baku at the Boulevard which is over hundred years old and you can see grand mansions of the yesteryear here.

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Baku Boulevard
 

5. Yanar Dag Or Burning Mountain

Burning Mountains or ‘Yanar Dag’ is located in Baku on a hillside on the Absheron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea. It is a natural gas fire which blazes continuously on a hillside on the Absheron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea 25 KM northeast of the Baku city. The flames from the Yanardag jet out at least 3 meters into the air from a thin porous sandstone layer. The atmosphere is filled with the smell of gas as the fire never extinguishes. Local people come to take curative baths in these streams. Yanardag is 116 meter hill located on the top of natural gas pocket causing continuous flame eruption. This is the nature of this burning mountain. The reason given for continuous eruption of flames is that hydrocarbon gases are emanating from below the earth’s surface which causes the fire. From the sides Yanardag offers spectacular view for the spectators especially at nights.

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Yanar Dag Or Burning Mountain
 

6. Shirvanshahs Palace

The Palace of the Shirvanshahs is a 15th-century palace built by the Shirvanshahs and described by UNESCO as "one of the pearls of Azerbaijan's architecture". It is located in the Inner City of Baku. The complex contains the main building of the palace, Divanhane, the burial-vaults, the shah's mosque with a minaret, Seyid Yahya Bakuvi's mausoleum, a portal in the east, Murad's gate, a reservoir and the remnants of a bath house. The palace is depicted on the obverse of the Azerbaijani 10,000 manat banknote of 1994-2006 and of the 10 new manat banknote issued since 2006.

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Shirvanshahs Palace, Azerbaijan

7. Bibi Heybat Mosque, Baku

Bibi-Heybat Mosque is a historical Mosque in Baku, Azerbaijan. It is also known as Mosque of Fatima locally. This is one of the prominent Islamic architecture in the country. Today it is considered as spiritual place for Muslims. The current structure of the mosque was built in 1990s which is a recreation of the mosque with the same name which was built in 13th century. Modern architecture of the mosque is a classic example of Shirvan architectural school. In the present state, the Bibi Heybat mosque has three domes, which have kept the traditional corrugated galvanised iron shape of the old mosque and two minarets.

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Bibi Heybat Mosque

8. National Museum of History, Azerbaijan

National Museum of History is the largest museum of Azerbaijan located in Baku city. This museum is dedicated to the history of Azerbaijan which includes the Russo-Japanese War, First World War, Russian Civil War and the Second World War. It was founded in 1920 in the mansion of famous oil industrialist and philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev. There are four floors in some parts of the building designed by Polish architect Jozef Goslawski. National museum of history also has over 3000 items of which more than 2000 are exhibited while remaining are kept in scientific storage.

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National Museum of History Azerbaijan

9. Flame Towers, Baku

You must see Flame Towers in Baku, the tallest skyscraper in Azerbaijan with a height of 620 ft. These are 3 buildings; south, east and west. There are apartments, offices and hotels in Flame towers. The facades of the three Flame Towers are turned into gigantic display screens with the use of more than 10,000 high-power LED luminaries. The Illumination of Flame Towers designed is considered one of the best in the world. The Flame Towers are completely covered with the LED screens that display the movement of a fire visible from the farthest points of the city.

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Flame Towers Azerbaijan

10. Greater Baku and Absheron Peninsula

Take the tour to Absheron peninsula, where Greater Baku along with Baku city itself are situated. The whole territory of the peninsula is connected with one history, culture and economy. It is said that Absheron peninsula forms the beak of giant eagle (Azerbaijan) stooping into the Caspian Sea. Absheron Peninsula is almost the metropolitan area of Baku as the Peninsula consists of Baku City, Sumgayit and Absheron Rayon with center Khyrdalan. Absheron Peninsula extends 60 km eastward into the Caspian Sea, and reaches a maximum width of 30 km.

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Absheron Peninsula Azerbaijan
 

11. Old City or Inner City, Baku

Old City or Inner City is the historical core of Baku. In 2007, the Old City had a population of about 3000 people. In December 2000, the Old City of Baku, including the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and Maiden Tower, became the first location in Azerbaijan to be classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The Old City once used to be the main gate of the city. Now Baku was divided into two sections, Ichari Shahar (Inner city) and Bayir Shahar (outer city). The Inner City was the main part though.

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Old City or Inner City, Baku
 

12. Memory Alley “Shehidler Khiyabany”, Baku

This is a memorial park dedicated to the fallen soldiers and civilians who lost their lives in the Russian Civilian War in 1918, Soviet Union’s violent crackdown on Baku in 1990, and the Nagorno-Karabakh War. Soak in panoramic views of Baku from the park. Thereafter, enjoy a walking tour which will help you to get acquainted with the history and architecture of the city.

Memory Alley “Shehidler Khiyabany”

13. Fountain Square, Baku

Fountains Square is a public square in downtown Baku, capital of Azerbaijan. The square was previously called Parapet and is often referred to by the same name now. The name of the Fountains Square derives from the presence of dozens of fountains throughout. The square is a public gathering place, especially after business hours and during the weekend. It is an attractive tourist destination with many boutiques, restaurants, shops, hotels and passages. It starts from the Istiglaliyyat Street and walls of the Icheri Sheher and stretches through Nizami Street, also called in popular culture as the Torgovaya street running parallel to Baku Boulevard. The Fountains Square is a location where the city authorities hold many public festivals, shows and celebrations.
 

Fountain Square, Azerbaijan

14. Nizami Ganjavi Monument, Baku

The Monument to Nizami Ganjavi, a medieval Persian poet, is located in Baku in Nizami Square, on the intersection of Istiglaliyyat, Ahmad Javad, Azerbaijan and Islam Safarli streets. The monument is a 6 metered bronze statue installed on 9 metered octahedral pedestal. The pedestal is of red Labrador, and elements of Azerbaijani architecture of Nizami’s epoch. There is an ornamental carving and faced bronze plates on the lower part of the monument. 7 plates feature scenes from Nizami's works, and one plate displays a memorial inscription.
 

Nizami Ganjavi Monument, Azerbaijan

15. Maiden Tower, Baku

The Maiden Tower also known locally as Giz Galasi, located in the Old City, Baku, was built in the 12th century as part of the walled city. Together with the Shirvanshahs' Palace, dated to the 15th century, it forms an ensemble of historic monuments inscribed in 2001 under the UNESCO World Heritage List of Historical Monuments as cultural property, Category III. It is one of Azerbaijan's most distinctive national emblems, and is thus featured on Azeri currency notes and official letterheads.

Maiden Tower, Azerbaijan
 

16. Rasulzade Streets, Baku

Istiglaliyyat Street is an arterial road in the central uptown part of Baku, Azerbaijan. It begins at Gulustan Palace, located on the southern hillside part of Baku, and continues north, then northeast, terminating at the intersection of Aziz Aliyev and Mammad Amin Rasulzade Streets at the edge of Fountains Square.

Rasulzade Streets, Azerbaijan
 

17. Baku City Karting Centre

Baku City Karting Centre has been opened in the Aquatics Palace with the support of Baku City Circuit Operations Company and Azerbaijan Automobile Federation. The main purpose of establishing this centre is the development and promotion of auto sport culture in Azerbaijan and training local drivers for the future Formula 1 races.

Baku City Karting Centre
 

18. Little Venice, Baku

Little Venice - In 1960, at the very edge of the Baku Boulevard, the city authorities built an amazing complex of canals and islands and called it as ‘Venice of Baku.’ The whole territory, where three islands and several islets with trees are comfortably spread out, occupies an area of 10 thousand square meters. Little Venice is possibly the most romantic part in the city. Back in 60s the mayor of Baku Alish Lambaranski who was inspired by his trip to Venice in Italy, decided to create similar experience in Baku. The redevelopment of this Little Venetian town recently saw the expansion of the existing channels. Additional bridges and two beautiful restaurants were made which will add to your experience big time. One restaurant offers Western cuisine and the other one offers Eastern cuisine. You must enjoy boat ride here.

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Little Venice, Baku
 

19. Nizami Street

It is a large pedestrian and shopping street in downtown Baku, Azerbaijan, named after classical poet Nizami Ganjavi. The street runs through the city's downtown from west to east. It begins from Abdulla Shaig Street, in mountainous part of the city and ends at railroad bed on Sabit Orujov Street, near a monument to Shah Ismail Khatai in “Black City”. Total length of the street is 3,538 m.

Nizami Street, Azerbaijan
 

20. Monument to Richard Sorge, Baku

Richard Sorge was the hero of Soviet Union military intelligence . He is known as real James Bond of current time. Working as under cover before and during second world war he is most known for his service in Japan in 1940 and 1941, when he provided information about Adolf Hitler’s plan to attack the Soviet Union, although he did not succeed in finding out the exact date of the attack. He was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1964. You must see the Monument to Richard Sorge, the great detective and explore his stories in Baku.

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Monument to Richard Sorge Azerbaijan
 

21. Naftalan Spa, Baku

Naftalan Spa is a must see place. If you ever heard of bath in a tub filled with crude oil then Naftalan Spa is the place to try this experience. Azerbaijani people claim their knowledge of oils since 6th century. There is a unique naftalan oil in Naftalan that has no analogues in the world. As a resort Naftalan is known since 1926, when there appeared specialized recreational and health places around the field. Patients from all over the Soviet Union came here. Today Naftalan is a modern centre of leisure and health, organically combining the natural factors, achievements of resort medicine, European comfort, Azerbaijani hospitality and affordable prices on tours.

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Naftalan Spa Azerbaijan
 

22. Mud Volcanoes, Baku

Azerbaijan is known in the first place for mud volcanoes in the world. These volcanoes spread through Azerbaijan and local people call them “Yanardagh” (burning mountain), “gaynacha” (boiling water) and “bozdag” (grey mountain) alongside its geographical name - mud volcanoes. Eight islands in the Baku Archipelago are mud volcanoes by origination. Biggest of these volcanoes in Azerbaijan has got names in the Guinness World Records in 2004.

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Mud Volcanoes Azerbaijan
 

23. Hammams in Baku

If you feel cold, tired, lost or a dip in your enthuse in Baku, it is time to go to Hammam. The Hammam tradition in Baku is quite interesting. In old times Hammams used to be mainly a place for entertainment in the city. People with their family and friends used to gather here to relax in the warm atmosphere. Taking bath at Hammam was a tradition, but people went to Hammam of their own mohalla only. From single domed structure to more grand dome structured Hammams were there in Baku. Weekly visits to Hammams which was known as haftahamam was obligatory for all the members of the family. Despite the fact that, the tradition of Hammam went out of the date with time with all the comfortable bathrooms in each houses, traditional Hammams continue to exist and operate in Baku.

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Hammams in Baku
 

24. Pink Lake, Baku

Azerbaijan is a beautiful country full of natural beauty. The country is gaining popularity as one of the best travel destinations in the world in recent times. And Pink Lake is one of such beautiful places in Azerbaijan that attracts many visitors. The Lake is said to be only among 8 Pink Lakes in the world. This makes the lake unique. The name of the lake however is Masazir Lake or as the locals says Masazigol. This is located near Baku, Azerbaijan. So when you are travelling Baku you should visit Pink Lake here. The lake is salty with overall area coverage of 10 Sq. KM. The lake produces salt every year and since 1813 salt is taken from the lake.

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Pink Lake Baku
 

25. Nohur Lake

Nohur Lake is a perfect place for those who love to bask in the sun under a nature’s magic. It is one of the best places to visit in Baku, Azerbaijan. Nohur Lake is located in Qabala district, which is a popular travel destination. Qabala district has some great attractions other than Nohur Lake but all the nature lovers find the lake the best place to be. Qabala is a popular travel destination and in Qabala those looking for some warm winter sun and crisp blue sky days can enjoy the day at Nohur Lake. When you reach Nohur Lake you can see beautiful mountains opening up in front of you. Though Nohur Lake is not nature’s creation but it is quite beautiful and nothing short of a natural lake.

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Nohur Lake Azerbaijan
 

26. AF Mall, Baku

AF Mall is one of the most popular shopping centres in town with shops ranging from high street fashion brands to posh boutiques. It is located in the heart of the city just off the Torgovaya on Samed Vurgun St 34. This brand new mall has many trendy shops, summer lounge with tropic garden and pool on rooftop opening by the end of 2011.

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AF Mall Azerbaijan
 

27. Park Bulvar Shopping Mall, Baku

Park Bulvar is a multi-storey shopping mall located on Baku Boulevard, downtown Baku, Azerbaijan. The mall is located 5 minutes of walking distance from Sahil Metro station of Baku Subway and Government House of Baku. The building has all architectural attributes of the East and modern art of the West. This brand new mall has many trendy shops, a cinema, a planetarium, a bowling alley and many cozy cafes. There are many famous fast food chains located there, such as KFC and Sbarro.

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Park Bulvar Shopping Mall
 

28. Caravanserai

Caravanserai literally means “palace for caravans” or “palace on a trade route”. In the Middle East and Central Asia it was often a place of rest, located in unpopulated areas, to house animals and people. All caravanserais were divided into two types: open and closed. Closed caravanserais were small fortresses to repel the attack in case of danger. They were one or two storey buildings, surrounded by fortified walls. Inside, there were warehouses, stables and corrals for animals, as well as living premises. Open caravanserais were typical for cities. They were more like hotels with stables and corrals for animals. In addition there were teahouses, bathhouses, and many other buildings and facilities for travelers.

Caravanserai, Azerbaijan
 

29. Petro Glyphs Museum in Gobustan National Park

The Petroglyph Museum is a museum in Gobustan, Azerbaijan. Gobustan National Park (Azerbaijani: Qobustan Milli Parki) officially Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape is a hill and mountain site occupying the southeast end of the Greater Caucasus mountain ridge in Azerbaijan, mainly in the basin of Jeyrankechmaz River, between the rivers Pirsagat and Sumgait. It is located west of the settlement of Gobustan, about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of the centre of Baku on the west bank of the Caspian Sea.

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Petro Glyphs Museum in Gobustan National Park
 

30. Khinalug

Khinalug, Khinalugh, or Khinalig is an ancient Caucasian village going back to the Caucasian Albanian period. It is located high up in the mountains of Quba Rayon, Azerbaijan. Khinalug is a picturesque mountain pass at an altitude of 2,000m. Enjoy breathtaking views of the landscape.People have been continuously living in Khinalug for more than 5,000 years.

Khinalug, Azerbaijan
 

31. Guba - Sakina Khanum Mosque

The mosque was built in 1840-1854 at the behest of Sakina Khanum, the wife of Abbasgulu Aga Bakikhanov, in order to perpetuate the memory of her husband. The nine-dome mosque building is 27 meters high. It was built of burnt red bricks and resembles a faceted cylinder. It is said that the mosque was built without the use of cement, and chicken eggs were used as a binding element. In 1993, the mosque was restored and returned to believers.
 

Guba – Sakina Khanum Mosque, Azerbaijan
 

32. Gabala City, Azerbaijan

Gabala, two-thousand-year old the most ancient city of Azerbaijan, was for 600 years the capital of ancient Caucasian Albania. At first Gabala was a part of Shirvanshahs state and later Sheki khanate. The modern Gabala is located in Sheki - Zakatala area practically on the border of Dagestan and Georgia.

Gabala CIty, Azerbaijan
 

33. Qala, Azerbaijan

Qala is a settlement and municipality in Baku, Azerbaijan. Qala has an open air Archeological and Ethnographic Museum. You can also find some camels, sheep and rabbits in the Museum. Next to it is a new build fortress from which you have a nice view of the city.

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Qala Azerbaijan
 

34. Sheki City, Azerbaijan

Sheki is a small city off on the forested slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, a true travel delight city in Azerbaijan. Whatever good things you can ask for in your travel destination, Sheki offers all and more. Architectural beauty, good food, lovely people, full of Silk road history and much more, Sheki is worth visiting a place in Azerbaijan. Apart from Baku, the main travel destination of Azerbaijan, one must consider visiting Sheki. It is one of the most ancient city of Azerbaijan.

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Sheki City
 

35. Shahdag Mountain Resort

Shahdag Mountain Resort Complex was open to the public in 2012. It is located in the Azerbaijan's Greater Caucasus range, the site is located near Shahdag National Park, which is known for having an intact ecological system and an untouched flora and fauna. It is the first and largest ski resort in Azerbaijan.
 

Shahdag Mountain Resort
 

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Content Source: Dook Dossier 2017-18



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