Georgia A Brief Travel Guide

Georgia

About Georgia

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Georgia sits at the crossroads of western Asia and Eastern Europe , so it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. Tbilisi is the capital and largest city in Georgia. Population here is about 5 million. Large population over here follow Christianity as their religion and the major language spoken over here is Georgian and Russian.

Culture and People

Georgia is a state rich with diverse cultural heritage. People from all over the world have come to settle in Georgia to make a life and make history.  Georgians are famously friendly and welcoming. Don’t be surprised if you are invited into many homes to experience the food, stories and traditions that make Georgia special. People will also be thrilled to learn more about your culture and what impact you will make on the state.

The Georgians have exceptionally strong traditions of hospitality, chivalry, and codes of personal honour. They believe that guests come from God. Friendship is prized highest among all the virtues.

Economy

A decade of solid increases in economic freedom has contributed to the dynamic expansion of Georgia’s economy. Sound public finances and policies that support open markets have boosted prosperity and reinforced Georgia’s commitment to economic freedom. However, Corruption is a matter of concern over here. One important information for tourists is that Georgian currency is lari divided into 100 tetri symbolised in these guides and internationally as GEL and USD1 = GEL1.88 stands as in Jan 2015.

Places to see

Georgia is land with magnificent historical story and natural beauty. Everything from sea to mountains to landscapes can be seen here. Tbilisi is the capital city and major tourist attraction place here. Some of the places that one must visit in Georgia are mentioned below.

Funicular and dry bridge in Tbilisi

Tbilisi Funicular is one of the finest examples of cable railways in the world. The railway leads to a beautiful leisure and amusement park Mtatsminda, which overlooks the entire city. The Dry Bridge is well-known for its flea market, where you can find art exhibitions, and antique items
for sale.

Gabriadze Theater

Founded in 1981, it became the first Georgian puppet theatre. The building is decorated with a magnificent clock tower, which once a day, at 12:00 features a performance of figurines.

Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia

The origins of the Museum date back to the 19th century. Today, the Museum exhibits Georgia’s principal archaeological findings and thousands of artefacts of immense historical significance; animal remains datingback 40 million years, archaeological and ethnographic collections from the Paleolithic, Neolithic, Bronze, Iron and Middle Ages.

 

Mount Kazbeg

It is the third highest mountain in Georgia (after  Mount Shkhara and Janga) and the seventh highest peak in the Caucasus Mountains. The area around Mount Kazbek was designated a nature reserve by the Soviet  government in 1979, and includes beech forests, subalpine forests and alpine meadows. Many of the plants and animals in the reserve are endemic to the Caucasus region.

Gori Fortress

The historic fortress stands on a rocky hill in the center of Gori. The ruins on the northern slope and the archaeological findings indicate that there was a fortress here as far back as the I century BC. Within the historic manuscripts the fortress is first mentioned in the XIII century as “Gori Prison”.

State Museum of Joseph Stalin

Soviet leader Joseph Stalin’s Museum was founded in 1937 and holds around 60,000 exhibits. The premise of the museum includes a memorial house, where Stalin was born; an exhibition building and Stalin’s personal train wagon, in which he traveled to Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam. The museum also houses Stalin’s personal belongings.

Davit Gareja

Davit Gareja is a rock-hewn Georgian Orthodox monastery complex located in the Kakheti region of Eastern Georgia, on the half-desert slopes of Mount Gareja. You can visit most of the monastery; the rooms not allowed to tourists are clearly marked with “no entrance” signs, in both English and Georgian. See the tomb of the first monk to have lived there (St. David Garejeli). Then, you can follow the path starting right behind the church shop, that goes on the top of the small mountain. There, you have a wonderful view towards both Georgia and Azerbaijan. And you will see many troglodyte churches, some of them with paintings from the 11th and 12th centuries. Total time: about 1h30, using a sometime steep path.

Armazi Fortress

Considering its scale and antiquity – Armazi is one of the most important fortresses in the country. Currently, remains of the fortress occupy 30 hectares. The fortress used to block the road to the bordering countries beyond the Caucasus.

Things to do in Georgia

If you love shopping then you would to be in Georgia. Gold and other jewellery, Art and paintings, original handmade carpets, Antiques and other gifts, all these and more one can find in Georgia.

You can go for sightseeing tours, eat good food including popular national dishes like ‘Khachapuri’.

You have multiple options of activities to do in Georgia. Some of them are exploring Art and culture, going for Agritourism, exploring history and heritage, Golfing, natural treatment at Spas, Outdoor and natural activities like Horse riding, trekking and more. Adventure, Sports, Racing, Events and what not?

Climate

The climate of Georgia is extremely diverse, considering the nation’s small size. There are two main climatic zones, roughly separating eastern and western parts of the country. Eastern Georgia has a transitional climate from humid subtropical to continental. The region’s weather patterns are influenced both by dry Caspian air masses from the east and humid Black Sea air masses from the west. As in the western parts of the nation, elevation plays an important role in eastern Georgia where climatic conditions above 1,500 metres are considerably colder than in the low-lying areas.

How to get to Georgia

Tbilisi International Airport

Direct flights to Tbilisi are available from Batumi and Kutaisi, as well as from many European and Asian cities.

Batumi International Airport
Direct flights to Batumi are available from Tbilisi, Moscow, Kiev, Istanbul, Minsk, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah.

Kutaisi International Airport
Direct flights to Kutaisi are available from Tbilisi, Kiev, Warsaw, Katowice, Moscow, Minsk, Budapest and Vilnius.