Russia Cheat Sheet (Russia At a Glance):

 Formal Name

 Russian Federation

 Location of Russia

 Asia & Europe (Eurasia)






 17,098,246 km2 (6,601,670 mi2)

 Land Boundaries

 Total: 22,408 km, Border Countries (14): Azerbaijan 338 km, Belarus 1,312 km, China (southeast) 4,133 km, China (south) 46 km, Estonia 324 km, Finland 1,309 km, Georgia 894 km, Kazakhstan 7,644 km, North Korea 18 km, Latvia 332 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 261 km, Mongolia 3,452 km, Norway 191 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Ukraine 1,944 km


 144 Million

 Ethnic Groups

 Russian, Tatar, Ukrainian and others


 Russian and Tatar

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 The Russian Federation consists of 85 federal subjects, including 22 republics, 50 regions, 10 districts, 6 territories and 2 federal cities - Moscow and St. Petersburg, one autonomous oblast and 10 autonomous counties. The entire territory is divided into 7 federal districts.


 Orthodox Christians, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism


 Russian Ruble (RUB)

 Time Zone

 UTC +2 to +12

 Calling Code


 Internet TLD

 .ru, .su

 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival


 Major Cities

 Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Ekaterinburg, Kazan


Geography of Russia

Russia is world’s largest country in terms of total area. It covers much of Eastern Europe and northern Asia. Russia Geography with over 17 square kilometres area has one eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. Russia is in two continents, Asia and Europe. Russia occupies a substantial part of continental Europe and this part in Europe is home to most of Russia's industrial activity. Russia includes the entire northern portion of Asia. Positioning of Russia is such that most part of the country is much closer to the North Pole than to the equator. Moscow is the capital city of Russia.

Russia Nature is divided into 5 natural zones namely the tundra zone, the taiga or forest zone, the steppe or plains, the arid zone and the mountain zone. Plain area is mainly two, the Eastern European Plain and Western Siberian Plain. Lowlands are North Siberia and the Kolyma. Two plateaus are Central Siberian Plateau and Lena Plateau. Mountains are mainly concentrated in extreme northeast part of Russia.

Climate and Weather in Russia

Russia Climate is largely continental. Most land part of Russia is over 400 KM away from sea contributing to the climate in Russia. Because most part of Russia is at north of 60° of north latitude, extensive regions in the country have six months of snow cover. Average temperature in most of European Russia is between 5 and 0° C while average temperature of almost all of Siberia is below freezing point throughout the year. Russia has mainly two season summer and winter. Russia sees extreme variations in temperatures in different parts of country.

Russia Weather for you as a visitor should matter to you depending on which part of the country you are in. One cannot say anything about Russia’s weather in general because in a single month weather is different in different parts of the country. However you can visit cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg in summers and winters both. Winters give you many exciting experiences like white nights and so on.

History of Russia

Russia History is quite old as the land has been inhabited by people for thousands of years. In 862 the first modern state in Russia was founded by King Rurik of the Rus. He became the ruler of Novgorod. After some years, Kiev was conquered by the Rus and they started the kingdom of the Kievan Rus. In next two centuries the 10th and 11th the Kievan Rus became a powerful empire in entire Europe. They reached the peak under Vladimir the Great and Yaroslav I the Wise. Later in 13th century Kievan Rus was wiped out by the Mongols led by Batu Khan who overran the area and finished the Kievan Rus.

History of Russia from 14th century to 16th century saw Grand Duchy and Ivan IV rising to power. Ivan IV crowned himself in 1547 as the first Tsar of Russia. In early 17th century Mikhail Romanov rose to establish Romanov dynasty which ruled Russia for many years. Since then Russia was under rule of other rulers as well and after First World War in 1917 Vladimir Lenin removed leadership of Tsars after a great revolution and Soviet Union was born in 1922. You can experience the great history of Russia when you are there on a trip.

Culture and Traditions of Russia

Russian Culture is quite interesting. Russia culture has a rich history and strong traditions. There are many colors to it. You can see variety of influential arts, literature, philosophy, classical music, ballet, opera, painting, cinema architecture and animation. You will feel enriched when you go deep into many aspects of the Russian cultural and traditional heritage. Ballet is the best contribution to the world by Russians. Family always held quite a significant place in Russia. Russia has hundreds of ethnic groups. Majority of Russians around 77% are of Russian descent. The rest of the population consists of Tatar, Ukrainian, Bashkir, Chuvash, Chechen and others.

Russia Traditions are quite rich and worth experiencing. Their art and crafts are quite old and they passed it on to new generations. You can witness the best of Russia art and craft brilliance in Russian dolls. Russian Dolls are super popular not just in Russia but even thousands miles away. These decorated wooden dolls with a secret are also known as Babushka dolls. Samovar or tea boiler is also another attraction of Russian craft. Apart from this pottery, wood working, art painting and others are also part of Russia traditions for ages.

Food and Cuisine in Russia

Russian Food is full of variety. Soups have always been vital part of Russian meal. They have hot soups and cold soups. One of the most traditional Russia foods is borshch which is beet soup full of vegetables and meat. This is served with a dollop of sour cream. Another popular food is Pirozhkis which is small baked bun. Buns are filled with potatoes, meat, cabbage or cheese. Main Food and Dishes of Russia are meat dishes like Pelmeni, Kotlety, Shashlyk and Kholodets. Fish and vegetables also have been and continue to be important element of Russian food. Vodka is popular alcoholic drink. Beer and tea are consumed widely as well.

Russian Cuisine comprises different cooking styles and traditions of Russian people. From 16th to 18th century Russia's great expansions of culture, influence, and interest saw emergence of more refined foods and culinary techniques. Russia also became one of the most refined food countries in the world. In Current times also you can taste variety of cuisine on table with influences from Northern and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Siberia, Caucasus region and East Asia. You can find the mix of traditional and multinational cuisines in Russian restaurants. You can also get to know the difference between Russian Traditional Cuisine and Soviet Cuisine.  

Languages of Russia

Language is the identity of a country. In Russia there are almost 160 different ethnic groups and about 100 languages are spoken by these groups. Russian is spoken by the majority. Besides, there are some native languages that are spoken as well. Tatar is a language of Volga ethnic group, and as a native language is also spoken in Ukraine, Finland, China, Romania and Turkey.

Interesting Facts About Russia:

In terms of land area, Russia is the largest country in the world. Russia is located across 9 time zones.

Russia has the world's longest railways. The Trans-Siberian Railway spans almost all the way across the county, making it the single longest railway in the world. Its originates from Moscow and covers 9200 km to Vladivostok on the Pacific shore in the east in about 152 hours.

Russians drive on the right-hand side of the road.

Russia has a wide range of natural resources and is one of the world’s largest producers of oil.

The world’s first satellite, named Sputnik, was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957.

The official residence of the Russian president is the Kremlin in Moscow. The name Kremlin means fortress.

Russia has over 40 national parks and 100 wildlife reserves.

Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world. It reaches 1642 metres (5,387 feet) in depth and contains around 20% of the world’s unfrozen fresh water.
Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain in Russia (and Europe), it reaches a height of 5642 metres (18,510 feet).

Russia’s Volga River is the longest in Europe, with a length of around 3690 kilometres (2293 miles).

Russia has the world’s largest area of forests.

Moscow hosted the 1980 Summer Olympic Games.

There are approximately 10 million more women in Russia than there are men.

In Russia, men never give an even amount of flowers to a women. You should always make sure you give them in odd numbers, unless going to a funeral, where even numbers are the rule.

Moscow has more billionaire residents than any other city in the world.

Russian’s will never shake hands over a doorway. It is believed to be a bad omen and most Russians are convinced the action will lead to an argument.

Russia's greatest Museum - The Hermitage, also in St Petersburg - is home to around 70 cats, which guard its treasures against rodents.

Russia sent a dog in space in 1957 and there's a monument sculpture of him in  Russia.

Traffic in Moscow is so bad that wealthy Russians hire fake ambulances to beat the jams.

There's a restaurant in Moscow staffed entirely by twins.


Russia Tourism

Russia is the largest country on the planet and has many wonderful and diverse areas worth visiting. Russia spreads in two continents, Europe and Asia. Moscow, the capital city of Russia falls entirely in Europe. This is the richest part of the country and is the most loved and visited part by tourists as well. Another major travel destination in Russia is St. Petersburg located in north-western Region, where you will find beautiful landscapes and large lakes. Travel to Russia is best in the summer time unless you are adventurous and love to see the city covered in snow. Siberia connects to the rest of Asia. Trans Siberian Express is one of the longest train routes in the world and connects entire Russia. Russia is a must visit destination as its home to the largest river in Europe, the Volga; the world’s largest lake, the Caspian Sea; the world’s deepest freshwater lake, the Baikal; and the Europe’s highest peak, Elbrus at 5642m.

Moscow, on the Moskva River in western Russia, is the nation’s cosmopolitan capital. In its historic core is the Kremlin, a fortified complex that’s home to the president and tsarist treasures in the Armoury. Outside its walls is Red Square, the country’s symbolic center and site of Lenin’s Mausoleum, State Historical Museum and St. Basil’s Cathedral, known for its colorful, patterned, onion-shaped dome.  Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Russia. It is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free structure in the Europe ; the tallest skyscraper in Europe and the Moscow International Business Center.

Get to know more About Russia: Dook Dossier 2017-2018

Attractions in Moscow & St. Petersburg (Russia):

Nikulin Circus, Moscow

The Moscow Kremlin

Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow

Bolshoi Theater, Moscow

Lenin’s Tomb, Moscow

Smolny Cathedral, St. Petersburg

The Palace Bridge, Saint Petersburg

Trans Siberian Railway

Mount Elbrus

Valley of Geysers

Kizhi Island

St. Sophia’s Cathedral, Novgorod


Lake Baikal

Russian Doll

Travel Guide

Penny Wise Russia


Price in Russian Rubble

Price in Dollars ($)

 Meal for 2, in inexpensive Restaurant



 Meal for 2, in mid range Restaurant, Three-course



 Combo Meal at McDonalds



 Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught)



 Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle)



 Cappuccino (regular)



 Coke/Pepsi (0.3 liter bottle)



 Milk (Regular, 1 Ltr.)



 Water (0.33 liter bottle)



 Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)



 Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro)



 Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)



* Prices are our approximation and may vary slightly.
* Prices are market prices of articles and may vary at restaurants and hotels.

Russia Flight Connections (Flight to Moscow)

Destination: Moscow & Saint Petersburg - Russia
Pickup & Drop: Delhi International Airport
Mode of Travel (Flight Details): Fixed Departure for Moscow

Flights to Russia:

• Aeroflot and Air India have direct flights to Moscow ex-Delhi.
• Fly Dubai has flights to Moscow via Dubai.
• Air Arabia has flights via Sharjah.
• Other flights are from Delhi - (1) Air Astana via Almaty and (2) Uzbekistan Airways via Tashkant.


• Aeroflot and Air India have daily flights.
• Fly Dubai have daily flights from 8 ports.
• Air Arabia has 5-7 flights a week to Moscow from 13 ports in India.

Russia Tour FAQs

If you have any query about Russia Tourism, Tourist Destinations, Attractions, Visa Process, and other tour related information then visit Frequently Asked Questions of Russia.

Visa Information

Russian Visa Information:

Regular visa process takes 10 working days whereas urgent visa requires 5 working days.

Documents Required:

• Your original passport with at least 2 blank visa-designated pages (passport must be valid for at least 6 months after intended departure date from Russia).
• Two copies of Russian visa application form, completed and signed.
• One passport-size photo signed on the back.
• Covering Letter Or Letter Head

Know more about Russia Tourist Visa!

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