Registan Square, Samarkand (Uzbekistan)
The Square is located in the center of the city and has become a monument of architectural importance. It has gained worldwide fame for its grandeur and it is now a preserve building in Samarkand.From three sides the square is surrounded with grand madrassah portals of which are facing the center of the space. All three erections have their own unique dcor. It is by virtue of these buildings preserved on the territory of the city Samarkand was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2001.The history of the Registan SquareTranslated from Uzbek registan means a sand place. In the ancient times this central square was covered by sand. The territory was not initially surrounded by madrassah those great erections appeared rather later. In that period authorities of the city were gathering people on the square to announce khans orders held celebrations and public executions and collected the army leaving to war.In the past one could see many trade rows around the square where artisans and farmers were selling their goods. All main roads of Samarkand led to Registan where it was always noisy and lively.Various rulers during their reign would change the main significance of the square but since those times and up to now Registan has always been the center of the city social life.There are three madrassahs on the square Ulughbek Sherdor and Tilla-Kori that are the main sights of the city. They were erected by two rulers at different times.
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