Uzbekistan Cheat Sheet (Uzbekistan At a Glance):

 Formal Name

 The Republic of Uzbekistan

 Location of Uzbekistan

 Central Asia






 Total 448.900 km2: land: 425.400 km2, water: 22,000 km2.

 Land Boundaries

 Total: 6.221 km, Border Countries: Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2.203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1.099 km, Tajikistan 1.161 km, Turkmenistan 1.621 km


 31.5 Million

 Ethnic Groups



 Uzbek, Russian, Tajik and Kazakh

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakistan, 12 regions, 226 cities and districts




 Uzbek Som (UZS)

 Time Zone

 UZT + 5

 Calling Code


 Internet TLD


 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival


 Major Cities

 Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva

Uzbekistan Geography & Nature

Uzbekistan is a dry and doubly landlocked country in Central Asia. Uzbekistan Geography comprises of an area of 447,400 of the country. This makes Uzbekistan 56th largest country in the world and 4th largest among the CIS countries in terms of area. Uzbekistan borders Kazakhstan to the north, Aral Sea to the northwest, Turkmenistan to the southwest, Tajikistan to the southeast and Kyrgyzstan to the Northeast. Uzbekistan has also borders with Afghanistan to the south. Uzbekistan’s vast area is desert and mountains and has less than 10% of its area engaged in irrigation in the river valleys and oases.

Talking of Uzbekistan Nature the country has diverse and healthy natural environment but pollution of air and water is there in the country.

Uzbekistan Climate & Weather

The Climate in Uzbekistan is dry and Uzbekistan Climate is classified as continental. This is felt in both summers and winters in Uzbekistan. The summer is hot here with average temperature of 40° C. Winter is also quite cold in Uzbekistan with average temperature around -2° C but may well below up to -40 °C as well. July and August are the hottest month while January is the coldest month in Uzbekistan.
So, clearly Uzbekistan Weather can be extreme. But this is only for a little period and in certain parts of the country. Otherwise weather is generally good. One can travel to Uzbekistan when Uzbekistan has best weather conditions. This is during spring and autumn from April to May and September to early November.
History of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan territory has the longest history of human habitation. This is said that from Old Stone Age humans lived in here what is now known as Uzbekistan. The country sitting between two large rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya is one of the oldest nations with human habitation in the world. This made Uzbekistan History ages old which is full of great individuals, the invasions from rulers outside, the rebels from Uzbek people and standing on its own after all of this. Only in recent times Uzbekistan got independence in 1991 from long rule of Soviet Union.

Beautiful people in the history of Uzbekistan created beautiful cities like Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva and few more. Today the historical architects can be experienced in the old buildings of the country. Uzbekistan played a huge role in trade on Silk Road for centuries. People used the place as connecting point of Asia and the west. Great craft works created here were traded in the west and east through Silk Road. Uzbekistan still plays a key role when new silk route is being created.
Uzbekistan Culture & Traditions

Since Uzbekistan is ages old, so millions of people lived here both who came and settled here and also those who attacked the land and lived for substantial amount of time. This made Uzbekistan Culture full of influence of various nations settled on the land of modern Uzbekistan. Currently, Uzbek culture is a wide mix of ethnic groups where Uzbeks are in majority.

Uzbekistan tradition is very rich. Uzbek people are truly welcoming by nature. This comes from the traditions of Uzbek families where elders were respected and it has been followed for generations. They generally have a large families living together. Inviting and welcoming guests is an inherent part of Uzbek culture. In Uzbek traditions art and craft also passed from generation to generation. Uzbek craftsmen created unique design on several products like home utensils, special utensils, home decoration and fabrics. Thus rich culture of Uzbekistan is a profound mix of people with great values and their ability to create unique piece of arts. You can still observe the greatness of their architecture in the monuments of Uzbekistan where everything like colourful tiles, rich ornamentation, carpet weaving, colourful embroideries etc. exude the richness of Uzbek tradition.

Uzbekistan Food & Cuisine

Uzbekistan food is a way of life for Uzbek people. They love to cook, eat and invite guests to cook food for them. They still love to follow cooking style followed by their ancestors while cooking food to serve their guests. Any one visiting Uzbekistan has to try variety of Uzbek food. Hot soups (shurpa) keep an important place in the Uzbek meals. Soups are dense, spicy, with lots of vegetables and greens as a rule. Bread and noodles are also two major parts of Uzbek food. Palov or Plov made with rice, meat pieces, grated carrots and onion is the main course in Uzbekistan.

Meat dishes are important part of Uzbek cuisine. These dishes are seasoned with Uzbek spices. Some of these dishes are pilaf, cutlets, shashlik, manti, kebab, lagman, samsa and all sorts of pies with meat, rice, pumpkin and other fillings. Uzbek people serve meat is with vegetable salads. Mutton is also very popular in Uzbekistan and it is a part of various Uzbek dishes as well.
Languages of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan uses Turkic language of the Qarluq family also known as Uzbek language. Uzbek as a language has a short history and is different from other Turkic dialects.

Interesting Facts About Uzbekistan:

1. Uzbekistan’s Muruntan gold mine is one of the largest open pit gold mines in the world.

2. In Uzbekistan, handshakes are only acceptable if it is between two men and you don't shake the left hand.

3. The way to greet an Uzbek woman is by bowing to her with your right hand placed over your heart.

4. It is Uzbek tradition that the most respected guest be seated farthest from the house’s entrance.

5. The Uzbeks believe that turning bread upside down will bring you bad fortune.

6. According to an ancient tradition, a member of the family who is set to go on a journey has to take a bite from a small piece of Uzbek bread. The remaining bread is then kept buried or hidden until the traveler returns home.

7. Elders are respected in Uzbek culture. At the dusterhon, younger guests will not make themselves more comfortable than their elders. The younger person should always greet the older first.

8. Religion: Uzbekistan has almost 88% Muslims, and hardly 5% of them practice it. There is tolerance for all other religions.

9. Parents, when they grow old, live with the youngest son of the family. Rest of the kids will get married and move out to a new place.

10. Uzbekistan had great scientists and scholars hundreds of years ago.

   i) Ibn Sina, a polymath, his famous works are The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine which were used as a text-book in european universities as late as 1650.

   ii) Al Khwarizmi was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer. The term Algorithm and Algebra are derived from his name which shows his important contributions to mathematics.

   iii) Al Biruni was a historian, chronologist and linguist. He was known as the first anthropologist and father of geodesy for his contributions to geography. There is also a crater in the moon named after him.

11. Uzbekistan produces the world's biggest melons.

12. More than 25% of Uzbekistan GDP consists of remittances from almost 4 million Uzbek citizens living and working outside of the country.



Tourism in Uzbekistan - The Pearl of Central Asia

The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of Central Asia between two rivers: Amu Darya and Syr Darya. Uzbekistan borders with Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tadjikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. The capital is Tashkent. Population is more than 31.5 million people. Uzbekistan is multination country. Uzbek is the state language. The main historical cities for tourism are Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva. The climate of Uzbekistan is extremely continental with a great number of sunny days. For centuries, Uzbekistan sat at the intersection of the Great trade routes along which merchants and discoverers, geographers and missionaries, invaders and conquerors passed cross each other on their journeys to east or west. In modern times, Uzbekistan is top on travel agenda for adventurous people interested in culture and history, traditions, natured exotic destinations. Uzbekistan is gently proud of its traditionally classic architecture. The Ichan-Kala complex in Khiva, and the historical centers of Bukhara, Shakhrisabz and Samarkand are UNESCO World Heritage sites. Many unique monuments and architectural constructions in these towns still remain genuine and are samples of an era that played a significant role in history.
Passionate travelers have always been very attracted by Uzbekistan’s exotic nature with its contrasts, diverse flora and fauna, abundance of sunny weather all the year round,and friendly climate.
In 2016 about 15,700 tourists travelled from India alone and this number is only going up each year.
As part of the tourism development plan numerous hotels, a new state-of-the-art airport coming up in Tashkent and better highways and railways are being built for the purpose.

Tashkent Tourism

Tashkent is the Capital of Uzbekistan and one of the ancient cities of the world. An important international transport junction, both in ancient past and in the present, nowadays directly linked to many countries of the world by local carrier Uzbekistan Airways and international airlines.
In 2009 it celebrated its 2200th anniversary. No other Central Asian town has been studied so thoroughly by scientists as this modern capital of Uzbekistan. During the years of Independence more than 240 architectural and archeological monuments within the city boundary have been brought to light. Today the images of olden times such as mosques, madrasahs, and minarets stand in elegant grandeur among parks, museums, fountains, modern skyscrapers made of glass and metal, and highway flyovers.
Today in Uzbekistan there are about 100 museums with almost half of them being located in the capital of the country. Each of them reflects Uzbek land’s rich cultural and spiritual heritage. In the center of the Uzbek capital, the building crowned with the huge blue dome, which reminds ancient domes of Samarkand structures, accommodates the State Museum of Temurids. Its exhibits testify to the formation in the Middle ages of statehood within the territory of Uzbekistan, and highlight the development of science, culture and art from the time of Amir Temur.
Tashkent is one of the most greenest and the most beautiful cities in Central Asia. Streets are lined with boulevards and every street has a park that is well taken care of!

Samarkand Tourism

Over the centuries, Uzbekistan’s cities played a major role in the life of the Great Silk Road, the ancient, transcontinental thoroughfare. But, one city stands out as being "The Heart of Great Silk Road"; that city is Samarkand. It is home to UNESCO World Heritage sites and many unique monuments and architectural constructions still remain genuine and are samples of an era that played a significant role in history. It was made the capital of ruler Amir Temur's powerful empire and its majestic monuments are testimony to the skills of the architect and artisans.
Tourists can take a 2:30 hours Bullet train ride from Tashkent city to Samarkand in the morning and return by evening after a day tour in Samarkand Or you may stay overnight in Samarkand and move to the next destination the following morning.
Mausoleum of Amir Temur the Turco-Mongol conqueror and the founder of the Timurid Empire in Persia and Central Asia. The first Mughal king in India, Babur, was one of his descendants.
The stunning interiors of Amir Temur’s Mausoleum in Samarkand.
A walk through the ancient marketplace in Samarkand takes you back in time a thousand years. If you’re looking to buy interesting souvenirs, you may just find a great bargain!
Brisk business at the traditional Uzbek market which, once was a trading hub in the days of the fabled Silk Route.
Chimgan mountains in the Chatkal range, about an hours drive from Tashkent is one of the most popular excursions and has a popular tourist ski resort. For non skiiers the cable-chair ride to the top and the breath-taking scenery from there is equally exciting! You may take a day tour to Chimgan Mountains and return to Tashkent or stay over at quiet and serene Charvak Lake.
The stunning Charvak Lake in the Chimgan mountains is a huge reservoir and offers beautiful sceneries and the stunning blue waters make you fall in love with the place. Charval Lake is arguably one of the most romantic places in the world and much sought after by honeymooners. You may take a day tour to Chimgan Mountains and return to Tashkent or stay over at a resort on the shores of the quiet and serene Charvak Lake.

Bukhara Tourism

Bukhara, the famous trading post on the Silk Road, stirs the romance in many travelers. With over 2500 years of history and a welcoming atmosphere, Bukhara is one of the tourists’ favorites. Bukhara offers a walk through 140 monuments of ancient architecture.
The old city of Bukhara was founded 2,500 years ago. Within its ancient city walls and gates are 500 standing monuments. The restoration programme began in the late 1960's under the USSR, and has been continued by Uzbekistan govt.
Lyabi-Khauz is formed with three large monumental buildings. The name Lyabi-Khauz means at reservoir. The reservoir was built on the site of a Jewish woman’s house who refused to sell the house. The authorities built a channel next to the walls which eventually washed away her house. It is one of many ponds built in Bukhara for water supply.
Ismail Samani Mausoleum, the 9th-century monument whose exterior is an intricate pattern of delicate masonry resembling the lace; majestic Ark fortress, once a fortified residence of the rulers of Bukhara; Kalyan Minaret whose vertical lines mark the city skyline at about 50 metres; a living maze of numerous mosques and madrasahs, caravanserais, baths and multidomed market buildings - all these monuments are inimitable gems of Holy Bukhara.

Khiva Tourism

Khiva, “the museum in the open”, is the only town along the Great Silk Road, which has remained intact through centuries and has retained the exotic flavour of a medieval town, Khiva offers the visitors the most stunning homogeneous collection of architecture of the late 18th century - the first half of the 19th century. Khiva is crammed with historic buildings; City’s ancient gates, a chain of minarets, including the 45-metre tall Islam-Hojja Minaret, the architectural complex of Pakhlavan-Makhmud, the patron saint of Khiva, congregational Juma Mosque with carved columns of astonishing beauty, the exquisite Tash-Hauli Palace built in the 19th century as a residence for the emir, his entourage and harem.
You would need days rather than few hours to discover this ‘museum in the open’, to explore its tiny streets, to lose yourself hundreds of times and "find" yourself gazing at another splendor. The traditional idea of an oriental bazaar as a place of abundant merchandise, brightness of colours and lively bustle finds its embodiment in Uzbekistan.
There are flights connecting Tashkent and Khiva.


Read More about Uzbekistan: Dook Dossier 2017-2018
Content Source: Dook Tashkent & Uzbekistan Tourism Presentation

Tourist Attractions of Uzbekistan


Travel Guide

Penny Wise Uzbekistan


Price in Uzbek Som

Price in Dollars ($)

 Meal for 2, in inexpensive Restaurant



 Meal for 2, in mid range Restaurant, Three-course



 Combo Meal at Big Burger



 Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught) also called Sharbat



 Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle)



 Cappuccino (regular)



 Coke/Pepsi (0.5 liter bottle)



 Coke/Pepsi (1.0 liter bottle)



 Water (1.5 liter bottle)



 Bottle of local Wine (Mid-Range)



 Pack of Cigarettes (Kent)



 Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)



* Prices are our approximation and may vary slightly.
* Prices are market prices of articles and may vary at restaurants and hotels.

Uzbekistan Flight Connections (Flight to Tashkent)

Destination: Tashkent-Uzbekistan (Central Asia)
Pickup & Drop: Delhi International Airport, Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport Amritsar
Mode of Travel (Flight Details): Fixed Departure for Tashkent

Flight Connections: There are direct flights to Tashkent on Uzbekistan Airways from Delhi as well as Amritsar.
Frequency: Six times weekly from Delhi and Four times a week from Amritsar.


Uzbekistan Tour FAQs

If you have any query about Uzbekistan Tourism, Tourist Destinations in Uzbekistan, Visa Process, and other related tour information then checkout here Frequently Asked Questions of Uzbekistan.

Visa Information

Uzbekistan Visa Policy & Information

• Visa: Normal visa process takes 10 working days. For urgent visa minimum 5 working days are required.
The process is though acquiring Letter of Invitation from Uzbekistan after which Uzbek visas are stamped on passports at the Uzbekistan embassy in Delhi.

Visit here for more details about Uzbekistan Visa!

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