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About Turkey

About Country Cheat Sheet

Formal Name: Republic of Turkey
Location of Kazakhstan: Western Asia
Capital: Ankara
Demonym: Turks, Turkish
Area: 783562Sq Km
Population: 82003882
Ethnic Groups: Turkish, Kurds, Other Minorities
Languages: Turkish
Religion: Islam, Other
Currency: Turkish lira (TRY, ₺)
Best Time To Visit: Apr-May, Sep-Nov
Calling Code: 90
Drives On: Right
Visa on Arrival: No
Major Cities: Istanbul
Administrative and Territorial Structure:

Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces.

Land Boundaries:

Total: 2,816 km, Border Countries: Armenia 311 km, Azerbaijan 17 km, Bulgaria 223 km, Georgia 273 km, Greece 192 km, Iran 534 km, Iraq 367 km, Syria 899 km

About Turkey

Turkey is a nation that mounts Asia and Europe, endowed with dazzling scenery that never fails to impress its visitors. From the abandoned monasteries, minaret filled skyline of Istanbul, ancient cities to popular turkey attractions, it is bound to have many visitors dazzled. Istanbul is Turkey’s most important city. Over the centuries, Istanbul’s is important places have attracted many marauding armies from Greece, Rome and Venice before the Ottoman Empire took over.

Turkey Geography

Turkey lies partly in Asia and Europe, and it is land area is greater and larger than Europe. Turkey is bounded on the north by the Black Sea, on the northeast by Georgia and Armenia, on the east by Azerbaijan and Iran, on the southeast by Iraq and Syria, on the southwest and west by the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, and on the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria. The capital is Ankara, and its largest city and seaport is Istanbul.

Turkey Climate and Weather

On the Coastal areas of turkey, it has hot and dry summers and mild to cool in the winters. As for the areas bordering the Black Sea, it has an Oceanic climate. Overall, in the summers, Turkey is about 23°C and -2°C in winter. Rainfall is low always in Turkey. In the winter time, there is heavy snowfall.

Turkey History

The History of Turkey includes both eastern Thrace and Anatolia. The name Turkey is derived from Middle Latin Turchia, known as “Land of the Turks.” Since the 1920s, Turkey’s history has spanned over the history of Selijuk Empire, to the Ottoman Empire and the history of the Republic of Turkey.

Turkey Culture and Traditions

The culture of Turkey has been derived from various cultures of the Central Asian region and Eastern Mediterranean to Eastern European right up to the Caucasian traditions. The northeastern coast has Turkish and Georgian culture, the western coast has Kurdish and Arabic while the western coast has European traditions.

Turkey Food & Cuisine

The Turkish cuisine contains the elements of Middle Eastern, Central Asian, Balkan and Eastern European cuisines. Some of the popular food is Kebabs, Mezes, Keskek, Manti and Gozleme. Their food has a lot of herbs, vegetables and fish. And, the major type of oil used for cooking in Turkey is Olive Oil.

Turkey Facts:

Turkey has one of the oldest and biggest bazaars in the world
Santa Claus is supposed to be from Turkey
Tulips came from Turkey
Continents can be cross from underground
Important sites of Christianity is found here
Half of the country’s population is under 30 years of age
Turkey has the highest consumption of tea
Agriculture began in Turkey
Trojan War took place in Turkey
The first church was built in Turkey
The oldest known human settlement is in Turkey
Noah’s Ark landed in Eastern Turkey
The last sweet and sour desert found in Noah’s Ark is stilled found in Turkey
The concept of writing was first used in ancient Anatolia
Anatolia is the birthplace of historical legends such as King Midas, Homer, St. Paul and Herodotus


Turkey Tourism

Turkey has become a popular destination for culture, historical sites, spa and health care. Turkey is ranked the 6th most popular destination in the world. Istanbul is one of the most popular tourism spots in Turkey and in the world. It has a number of attractions which includes the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (the "Blue Mosque"), the Topkapı Palace, the Hagia Sophia,  the Basilica Cistern, the Galata Tower, the Dolmabahçe Palace, the Spice Bazaar,  the Grand Bazaar and the Pera Palace Hotel. There are also major resort towns including Bodrum, Marmaris, Fethiye, Çeşme, Kuşadası, Didim and Alanya.

Istanbul Tourism

Istanbul's location has attracted many raiding armed forces throughout the hundreds of years. The Greeks, Romans and Venetians took turns before the Ottomans raged into town and chose to remain in the city. The way that the city straddles two landmasses wasn't it’s just draw card - it was the last stage on the incredible Silk Road connecting Asia with Europe. The main reason for the tourist's attractions is local people, who have an irresistible love of life and liberality of soul. Istanbul is Turkey’s metropolitan city, and thus it attracts so many tourists from all over the world. It a perfect place for both vacationers and visiting professionals.
Different Types of Tourism in Turkey

1. Historical Tourism in Turkey

The history of Turkey was formed by the cities of Byzantium and Constantinople. And, even the present-day Istanbul is now a hub of cultural, financial and real estate trends as well as a home to many historic landmarks. Some of the country’s famous historical sites are Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, Basilica Cistern, Sultan Ahmet Mosque, Rumelihisarı and many others.

2. Culture Tourism in Turkey

Istanbul is rich in cultural heritage as it has a deep-rooted history of the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman capital. Over the years, Istanbul has been developing its cultural offer and in 2012, it became the Capital of Culture with new museums included like the Prayer Beads Museum and Hilye-i-Serif. Two of the most important sites in Istanbul are The Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace. But there are also other places to see the cultural heritage of Turkey.

3. Sea & Nature Tourism in Turkey

Istanbul‘s greatest natural wonder runs throughout the city, and the Bosphorus Strait plays an important role in the sea. The Turkish turquoise coast is a paradise for natural activities where you can sail the seas, the beautiful coastline and lovely islands. The seaside and wealth of Turkey have made nautical tourism in Turkey very popular. Along with sea tourism, it also has many natural beauties to visit and explore such as Polonezkoy Nature Park, Samlar Nature Park, Avcikoru Nature Park, Buyukada Nature Park, and many others.

4. Honeymoon Tourism in Turkey

Honeymoon equals romance in Istanbul as it waits passionately with cool temperature, natural and aquatic beauty surrounding the city. Turkey is loved by all the notable romances in the world such as Helen & Paris, Antony & Cleopatra. Couples who have spent their honeymoon in turkey has been swept off by the immense history, fascinating culture and gorgeous scenery of the country by places such as Buyukada Island, Mount Nemrut,  Assos, Şirince and many others.

5. MICE in Turkey

Turkey’s rich culture, heritage, sights and sounds make it an ideal M.I.C.E destination. From the bustling cities, historic sites right up to the countryside, Turkey completely provides an unparallel spot for a business meeting. Istanbul is the biggest city in Turkey that gives business people a perfect place to hold meetings with a blend of culture, tradition, nature, climate and warm Turkish hospitality.

Turkey thermal resource is well known in the world and it's on the number one list in Europe. Boasting healing mud, hot springs and therapeutic waters will give you rejuvenating holiday. Relax and with specialised spa treatments like hot stone therapy, Shiatsu massage and the traditional Turkish hammam. It’s where you can restore your body and heal your mind and soul.

6. Culinary Tourism in Turkey

Turkish cuisine varies across the country as it has a fusion of Middle Eastern Central Asian, Balkan and Eastern Europe countries. Some area in Turkey such as Bursa, Istanbul, and Izmir has many elements of Ottoman cuisine which includes fish, dolmans, vegetables and eggplant. The southeast is famous for mezes, kebabs and desserts. One of the country’s main specialities is called Urfa kebab which is a meat-based kebab.

7. Casinos/Clubs/Nightlife in Turkey

The city of Istanbul, Turkey never sleeps as it stays alive with clubs, electric bars and restaurants. The locals love the nightlife and they part pretty hard and hog on to the delicacies way too often. If you want to explore Casinos/Clubs/Nightlife in Istanbul, visit Reina, Sortie, Supperclub, Club 29, X-Large, Anjelique, Exotic Bars, Galata Bridge, Meyhane, Taste the Local Delicacies and Cruise Across. You will come across lavish parties, live shows, lighting parties and many others.

8. Winter Tourism in Turkey

Turkey winter tours are the most ideal as there are less crowd and tourist traps. Winter gives a different beauty to Turkey, and cities like Cappadocia, Istanbul and Izmir are best to visit during winter. Turkey rates in winter are a lot cheaper since winter is usually an off-season. The mountains are sparkled and covered with snow and there are an array of resorts that provides skiing activities such as Uludag, Kartepe, Palandoken and many more!

Travel Guide

Turkey Tour and Travel Guide

Turkey is a holiday destination for wanderers, travellers, young, old, foodies, and beach and history lovers. It has so much of history and its traces are left on the entire monument, historical places and even its culture and traditions. The Turks are proud of their country which has diversified history, but their own custom, tradition and religion.  Istanbul is one of the cities so modern that attracts the young crowd.

1. Accommodation in Turkey

Accommodations in Turkey range from luxurious hotels to charming inn and to comfortable basic stay. Turkey gets really busy during peak season (April-October, therefore, it’s always best to plan all your travels ahead. Though many luxurious hotels is found in and around the country, however, you will also find standard hotel rooms with low wooden frame beds, carpeting, good furnishing and hospitality.
2. Restaurants in Turkey

There are a variety of restaurants you will find in Turkey; a small service charge for a person will cost you a few liras. There are some restaurants that put no price list on the menu, so it’s best to always ask for the price before you ordered and avoid the surprise. At any hotels, you will always be provided with breakfast which consists of tea, coffee, eggs, milk, bread, cheese etc. You will find the restaurants are open almost any time of the day or night, but it can be quite a problem to get a meal at odd hours. If you want to enjoy a good time at a particular restaurant, you should make a reservation.

3. Transportation in Turkey

By Plane: Turkish Airlines (TK), which flies from Frankfurt, Düsseldorf, Friedrichshafen, Graz, Salzburg and Zürich to Atatürk International Airport (IST), serving Istanbul and Antalya. There are also other airlines that offer routes to Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Antalya and Dalaman etc.

By Train: The Balkan Express is the best train to use. There are also train connections from Cologne and Zurich. Motorail trains run between different countries.

By Car: You can hit the road if you want to travel by car or bus to different cities and countries. There are many routes that will take you too many cities.

4. Shopping in Turkey

Istanbul is the shopping centre in Turkey offering a variety of traditional and modern products. Shopping lovers are attracted to the historical bazaars right up to the ultra-modern shopping mall. Enjoy shopping at Grand Bazaar, Arasta Bazaar, Sahalfar bazaar and Egyptian spice bazaar. You will find everything you are looking for in the streets of Istiklal, Rumeli, Abdi Ipekci, Sedar-Iekrem, Cukurcuma, Bagdat, Nispetiye and many others.

5. Best Time to Visit

Best Time to Visit Turkey: The climate of Turkey varies from region to region. In the summer, the weather is dry and sunny but has a cool and wet winter. May to October is also recommended as there are cheerless things to do in Turkey. Snowfall is heavy in the winter’s season making it perfect to try winter sports and see the snow capped mountains and natural beauty.

Best Time to Visit Istanbul: As for Istanbul, you can visit it all year round. Though the seasons to take advantage and enjoy Istanbul outdoor parks, cruises and cafes is spring and summer during the month of March to November. The peak season is from June to August. February is the cheapest month to visit but it can be a little chill and cold.

6. Turkey Travel Tips

Get vaccinated (Diphtheria, Hepatitis A and Tetanus) before travelling to Turkey
It's always better and safer to carry mineral water
It is safe to eat food in restaurants
You can bargain big time in Turkey
Conservation clothing should be worn while visiting the mosque
Turkey’s official currency is the Turkish Lira
Mid-range accommodation would cost $50 per night
Taxis tend to have a base fare of USD $1
Wifi is available in many cafes and restaurants
If you are visiting in winter, the temperature drops to -15 degrees, and it is advisable to carry winter clothing and umbrella.
Try the savoury dishes like Iskender Kebab and Manti

7. Flight Connections

Istanbul Atatürk Airport is the main airport in Turkey serving Istanbul. There is other smaller international airport like the Sabiha Gökçen International Airport. A number of airlines fly to and fro Istanbul to different parts of the world.

Visa Information

Turkey Visa Information

Turkey visas are required for many foreign nationals. The processing time of the visa depends upon the type of visa you are applying for such as Tourist or Business visa. It can take up to 12 hours processing time.