Tajikistan Cheat Sheet (Tajikistan At a Glance):

 Formal Name

 Republic of Tajikistan

 Location of Tajikistan

 Central Asia






 143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi)

 Land Boundaries

 Total: 4,130 km, Border Countries (4): Afghanistan 1,357 km, China 477 km, Kyrgyzstan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1,312 km


 8.7 Million

 Ethnic Groups

 Tajik, Uzbek, Kyrgyz


 Tajiki, Persian, Russian

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 Tajikistan is divided into: one autonomous region, 2 regions, the Districts of Republican Subordination, Dushanbe - The capital city.


 Sunni Islam


 Tajikistani Somoni (TJS)

 Time Zone

 UTC+5 (TJT)

 Calling Code


 Internet TLD


 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival


 Major Cities

 Khujand, Kurgan - Tyube, Khorog, Kulyab , Penjikent

Geography of Tajikistan

Tajikistan is Central Asian country. Tajikistan Geography is small and the country is nestled between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north and west. On the east side is China and on the southern side is Afghanistan. The country’s surface area is primarily mountains as 93% of Tajikistan is covered by mountains. Pamir Mountains and Alay Mountains are the two principal ranges. These two ranges give rise to many glacier fed rivers which are used for irrigation purpose. Tien Shan is another major mountain range in the northern part of the country. Among the mountains two major population centres are in the lowland of Panj River in southern part and Fergana Valley in the northern part of the country. Dushanbe is the capital city of Tajikistan.

Tajikistan nature mostly comprises mountains as more than half of the country lies above the height of 3,000 m. Fergana valley is the most densely populated area in entire Central Asia. You can explore the beauty of country the best when you travel Tajikistan on your own.
Climate and Weather in Tajikistan

Tajikistan Climate is multi-type. It is continental mainly and in some pars subtropical, and semiarid. Tajikistan also has some desert areas. As there is change in elevation, there is drastic change in climate too. Though lower level regions in Fergana valley are shielded by mountains from Arctic air masses, still temperature goes below freezing point for over 100 days in a year. The climate is arid in subtropical south-western lowlands. Average temperature in this region is high. In lower parts of the country average temperature during the month of July is from 23 to 30 °C and in the month of January it remains between -1 to 3 °C. In eastern side of Pamirs average temperature goes up to 10 °C in July and down to - 20°C in January. Thus Climate in Tajikistan is generally good at all levels of elevations.

Tajikistan Weather is generally soothing throughout the year. Capital city Dashunbe has warm summers, short and rain abundant winters, long spring with frequent rains and dry autumn. However, Best time to visit Tajikistan is from April to October.

History of Tajikistan

Tajikistan History goes back to times before history. The land of Tajikistan as we know today has been inhabited since around 4000 BC. Different tribes settled in here and since those times Tajikistan was absorbed into Persian Achaemenid Empire around 5th or 6th century BC and this started Tajikistan being under rule of different empires for a long time. Alexander the Great was next to conquering the region and he merged the region into Hellenistic Greco-Bactrain Kingdom. Around 5th century, Arabs were responsible to introduce Islam into the area which was then supplanted by the Saminid Empire in 9th to 10th century. After that Mongol ruled the region from early 13th century to late 14th century and then Timurid Empire took over and ruled till early 16th century. This was followed by Turkic Rule and Persian and Bukharan rule till 1868. Then came Russians and captured Tajikistan in late 19th century.

History of Tajikistan is fascinating as the land was under continuous foreign rules and lastly it came under Russian rule. It fought a four year battle against Bolshevik control in 1917 but was finally merged by Russians. Tajikistan finally was declared independent in 1991. Since then it is flourishing despite suppression of hundreds of years.

Culture and Traditions in Tajikistan

Tajikistan Culture is a result of thousands of years of diverse people inhabitation in the region. Tajik culture is quite similar to that of Afghanistan and Iran. Common language, beliefs and habits can be observed in these three parts of the world. Currently majority of the population in Tajikistan follows Islam religion. Muslim population largely shaped the culture, art, food, music and festivals in the country. Family value is at the core of Tajikistan culture. People are generally family oriented. Big families live together under one roof. People of the country have preserved their culture and traditions passed onto them by their ancestors quite well. They are also quite hospitable and friendly to the visitors from outside. Though Tajiks are said to be conservative but things are changing.

Folk art is vital part of Tajikistan Tradition. Festivals are generally religious ones. Navruz, the Muslim New Year is celebrated in a big way. Tajik people are also superb in craft work. They specialize in textile making and embroidery. They also do decorative arts like carving, furniture and jewellery making. Old handicrafts making art has been preserved here and it can be seen very clearly in clothes like shawls, women’s dresses, skull cap with embroidery and daily domestic articles.
Food and Cuisine in Tajikistan

Sweet dishes are main part of traditional Tajikistan food. People begin with Halwa and tea. After that they move to other items like soups and meats. They finish the meal with Pilaf. National dish of the country is Kabuli Plov, a dish made of rice with shredded yellow turnip or carrot, pieces of meat. They all put together are fried in vegetable oil or mutton fat. Green tea is national drink. Food is like ceremony in Tajikistan. Tajiks consider food very sacred especially bread. They don’t throw breads on the floor. They don’t cut it with knife either. They break every piece of it carefully. Thus Tajik food is much respected element in the life of Tajik people.

Tajik cuisine is traditional cuisine of the country. The cuisine also has many similarities with its neighbouring Russian, Afghan and Uzbek cuisines. Fruits and dairy products are very common part of the cuisine. Tea is served with meals and also consumed quite often between meals. Tajiks also offer tea to the visitors served hot in a china pot without sugar. Tea is so popular that you will find lot of Choykhona or teahouses in the country. This is a most common place for gathering of people. You can have good time too at these places similar to western style coffee house.
Languages of Tajikistan

Tajikistan’s official native language is Tajik. Some Central Asian countries also share this language, but it has retained its genuine origin amidst colonial rule. Tajik language reflects its country’s history and culture.



Tajikistan Tourism

Tajikistan, the beautiful country with mountaineous landscapes and fascinating cultures, has been popular with vacationers looking for a cultural experience at a scenic destination. This country has also been a sought after testing playground for trekkers, climbers, motorcycle tourers and adventure travelers. The population of Tajikistan is primarily of Persian origin. Tajikistan was part the of Persian empires for much of its history. This region has been an important place for flourishing Persian culture and language. A visit to Tajikistan on the Pamir mountains is highly recommended for adventurers, vacationers as well as tourists wanting to visit places of historical importance to Islam religion. The Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate Tajikistan's landscape. The western Fergana Valley is in north, and the Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys are in the southwest region. The highest point in Tajikistan is Qullai Ismoili Somoni (7,495 m).

Travel Guide

Visa Information

Tajikistan Visa Information:

Documents Required:

• Scanned copy of Passport’s front Page and back page.
• 02 Passport Size Photographs white background.
• Original Passport will be required for visa stamping at least 10 days before departure.
• For 10 pax or bigger groups a group E-Visa will be given to you on the day of departure at the Indira Gandhi International Airport.
• Corporate letter head will be required for requesting letter of invitation from destination countries.

Contact for more details about Tajikistan Tourist Visa!

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