About

Kyrgyzstan Cheat Sheet (Kyrgyzstan At a Glance):
 

 Formal Name

 The Kyrgyz Republic

 Location of Kyrgyzstan

 Central Asia

 Capital

 Bishkek

 Demonym

 Kyrgyzstani; Kyrgyz

 Area

 199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi)

 Land Boundaries

 Total - 4,573 km, China 1063 km, Kazakhstan 1,212 km, Tajikistan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1,314 km

 Population

 6.8 Million

 Ethnic Groups

 Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Russian, Dungan

 Languages

 Kyrgyz, Russian & Uzbek

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 7 Regions, 2 Independent cities

 Religion

 Islam, Christianity

 Currency

 Kyrgyzstani Som (KGS)

 Time Zone

 UTC + 6 (KGT)

 Calling Code

 +996

 Internet TLD

 .kg

 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival

 No

 Major Cities

 Bishkek, Osh, Jalal-Abad, Karakol, Tokmok, Uzgen District

 

Geography of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is one of the smaller but important parts of Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is a land locked country in Central Asia. Country shares borders with China on the east and Southeast side, Kazakhstan on north side, Uzbekistan on west and Tajikistan on southern side. Kyrgyzstan Geography is dominated by two mountains namely Pamir and Tien shan which covers about 65% of the total land of Kyrgyzstan. So, Kyrgyzstan is basically land of mountains which are young. Kyrgyzstan has plenty of tourist attractions located on high altitudes. Bishkek is the capital and largest city of Kyrgyzstan which is located in the northern part of the country.

Kyrgyzstan Nature consists of high peaks and lakes on mountains. Issyk Kul Lake is example of this. Issyk Kul is located in Tien Shan Mountain and it is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan and also the second largest mountain lake in the world. So, one can find plenty of attraction in Kyrgyzstan Geography.

Climate and Weather in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan Climate varies in different regions of the country. In south western part of the country summers are quite hot with temperature going up to 40 C. The climate is subtropical in the Fergana Valley and temperate in the northern foothill. Tien Shan range has continental to polar climate. Coldest areas of Kyrgyzstan experience temperatures in sub zero range where winter is for more than 40 days. So, it is apt to say that Climate in Kyrgyzstan is largely influenced by the mountains and absence of big water body which influences the weather pattern of Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyzstan Weather is generally sunny. Kyrgyzstan has 4 seasons which with different length in the country. From March to May it has spring, from May to September it has summer, from September to December is autumn and from December to February is winter. You can visit the country in all the seasons. Winters are special here as you can get lot of snow covered mountain and winter sports are quite popular in Kyrgyzstan as well.

History of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan has been an important point in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan History is thousands years old. Osh in the southern part of Kyrgyzstan is said to be one of the oldest in entire Central Asia region existing since antiquity. At the cross road of trade route between Asia and Europe, Kyrgyzstan received huge influence from traders walking the land and empires that wanted to the conquest the Central Asia. So, the language, culture and ethnicity of Kyrgyzstan are all contributions of these people who walked or ruled the land. In 13th century Kyrgyzstan was attacked by Genghis Khan and the rule of Mongols was established. After the collapse of Mongols also Kyrgyzstan was invaded by other empires until in 20th Century when it came under Soviet Union rule.

History of Kyrgyzstan is a fascinating chapter which you can either read or experience best by travelling to the country. Kyrgyzstan became part of the Russian Empire in early 1990s and in 1936 its status was upgraded and it became one of the 15 constituent republics of the USSR. Kyrgyzstan finally became independent from the USSR only in 1991. One can still witness major influence of Russian culture, architecture and language in Kyrgyzstan.

Culture and Traditions of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan was under Russia rule for a long time and this can be felt in Kyrgyzstan Culture as well. Country has two official languages. One is Kyrgyz and another is Russian. Kyrgyz Culture has a wide mix of lot of ethnic groups and cultures. However Kyrgyz are in the majority. Main religion followed in Kyrgyzstan is Sunni Islam. Manas is considered the legendary father and hero for Kyrgyz people. Manas is also symbol of Kyrgyz bravery. Though Manas is shown as a warrior but Kyrgyz people believe in peace and they are artists. Yurt represents the cultural significance of Kyrgyz people. Nomadic culture of Kyrgyz led to Yurt creation which is the traditional Kyrgyz dwelling. Kyrgyz people are welcoming in nature and they welcome visitors with big heart.

Kyrgyzstan Traditions are colorful. Their textile is amazing. Kyrgyz woman have always been involved in producing wide range of textiles. One can still see the ancient patterns adapted to modern textile for visitors and exports. Kyrgyz artisans create souvenirs for selling to the tourists or as heirlooms for people's homes. You can see some of these displayed in the National Gallery. Wool carpets called shirdaks and alakiis are quite famous. Embroidered wall hangings, small animal or human figures, Wood, horn, leather, and clay items are also quite famous.

Food and Cuisine in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Cuisine has lot of similarities with its neighboring countries especially Kazakhstan. Two main items of Kyrgyzstan food are mutton and horse meat along with variety of dairy products. Kyrgyz people’s life has been largely nomadic and this can be observed in the cooking style and techniques of the Kyrgyz as well. So, they cook in a way that food can be preserved for long time. Kyrgyzstan consists of several nationalities and thus their cuisine also has lot of varieties. In big cities like Bishkek, Osh and Karakol you can find both national and international cuisine while in villages you will find traditional Kyrgyz Food with flavors of oil or sheep fat which local people feel is quite delicious and healthy as well.

Pilaf or Paloo is the national dish of Kyrgyzstan and national beverage of the country is Green tea.  Pilaf is a dish made of rice with carrots and topped with meat. In Kyrgyzstan you will have plenty of choice for food and in beverages your main options are tea, soda and mineral water. Drink lovers can find variety of international brands in bars in big cities.

Languages of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz, a native language, depicts a rich historical past of Kyrgyzstan. The common spoken language for trade negotiation centuries ago has evolved into Kyrgyz language.

Interesting Facts About Kyrgyzstan

1. Kyrgyzstan’s walnut forests are among the world’s largest natural forests of this type.
2. Manas,” a narration of the migration of the Kyrgyz under the Manas leadership, is one of the world’s longest epics.
3. The city of Osh was an important commercial center in the 10th century as part of the Silk Road, the trade route between China and Europe.
4. The Inylchek Glacier of Kyrgyzstan is one of the largest glaciers in the world.
5. The name Kyrgyz is derived from the Kyrgyz word for “forty” and means a collection of forty tribes. It is a possibility that the people of Kyrgyzstan came from forty families or clans.
6. The Kyrgyz were one of the groups who raided the borders of China and created the need for the construction of the Great Wall.
7. Be careful in the cities of Osh, Jalal-Abad, and Bishkek. The roads and sidewalks are filled with holes and uncovered sewers.
8. Kyrgyzstan is one of the few countries that have a currency with a denomination of 3 som.
9. Alcohol is very cheap in Kyrgyzstan. A bottle of vodka is priced at around 180 som (3.5 EUR), while beer costs 60 som (1.2 EUR).
10. Tourists can negotiate with any car on the road; they’re all potential taxis - if the price is right.
11. The Kyrgyz were one of the groups who raided the borders of China and created the need for the construction of the Great Wall.

 

Tourism

Kyrgyzstan Tourism

Kyrgyzstan is one of the most enchanting countries in Central Asia. Its pristine mountains are inhabited by modern living nomads in summer yurts. It has an Olympus like surreal look which attracts many new international travellers. Almost 90 % of the country is surrounded by the beautiful Tien Shan Mountain which charm natural lovers and hikers from all over the world. Apart from its natural beauty, the country also boasts of its historical and cultural places with a great playground for outdoor activities. The country will not disappoint you with its tourist spots such as Issyk Kul Lake, Burana Tower, Sary Chelek Biosphere Reserve, Ala Too Square, and Lenin Peak etc.

Bishkek Tourism

Bishkek is the capital city of Kyrgyzstan and offers visitors to take a peek into its Soviet history, explore the mountain ranges and the other attractions of the city. The city spins two worlds which is ancient and contemporary culture around it. It was built as a fortress to connect the remote routes with the Kyrgyz tribes. The city is young and carries great historic tales and many of its monuments illustrate its history and culture. It is also a green city and has a number of parks and botanical gardens. Just an hour or two from the city, there’s nature with all its beauty spots ready to be explored and respected.
 
Different Types of Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

1. Historical Tourism in Kyrgyzstan


Kyrgyzstan has a rich and intriguing history which is all now represented in the form of museum and monuments. The stories of these historical monuments have a rich story to tell, dating back to centuries when the Silk Road brought traders and merchants from other parts of the world to connect and Kyrgyzstan was the centre of this civilization and empire.

2. Cultural Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

The traditions and culture of Kyrgyz tribes were hugely influenced by the Turkic. The culture is widespread in the lives of the nomadic people. The cultural heritage of the people here is in relation to its nature. Kyrgyzstan has a variety of languages, arts, literature, customs, crafts that lend out the culture of the country. Bishkek is the national centre for its culture where all the orthodox cathedral and mosques are located.

3. Nature Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is a small country brimmed with abundant natural resources of mountain ranges and hundreds of rivers and alpine lakes. It has a mountainous terrain with Tien Shan Mountains being the largest range and labelled as the top ten mountain ranges in the world. In between many of the mountain ranges, many rivers are interspersed forming over 4,000 rivers and 2,000 lakes in the country.

4. Sports and Adventure Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Being such a mountainous place, Kyrgyzstan offers adventurers and enthusiasts a wide number of activities. You can go mountaineering and choose by the likes of Lenin Peaks, Mustang Ata Peak etc. Go horse riding in the countryside, trek the regions around karakul, Kochkor, Naryn etc. There are also a number of activities to try out such as rafting, skiing etc.

5. Honeymoon Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Romancing in such a beautiful place with a diverse landscape is a completely heavenly feeling to be in this country. From its mountain ranges, snow-capped mountains, lush line forests, pristine lakes and rivers; this is a great honeymoon destination in central Asia. Along with the landscape, you can spend some time out doing great adventures which are abundant in this country.

6. MICE Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

The business tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors in Kyrgyzstan and therefore has caused an increasing demand for seminars, conferences, seminars, training and business meetings. There are many modern hotels with comfortable meeting rooms and conference available in many of the big cities in the country. The main one being Bishkek, the capital city and the centre place for all kinds of political, historical and cultural affairs of the country.

7. Health and Wellness Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Medical tourism has gained quite a momentum and people from all over the world come here for their treatment. They opt for wellness which is in the form of a spa for the mind, soul and body. There are many spa resorts which will give you a soulful relaxation with different methods of massages. Spa Center Afrodita and Apollo, Mystic Spa, Shifu Massage, Territoriya Spa, Oasis etc.

8. Culinary Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

The traditional food and cuisine of Kyrgyz revolve a lot around the meat which can either be beef, mutton or horse meat. There are various techniques used with major ingredients that have long been preserved and influenced by the nomadic way of life. However, in major of the larger cities as Bishkek, Osh etc, there are many restaurants which offer national and international cuisines.

9. Nightlife Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Bishkek the capital city of Kyrgyzstan is an exciting place for nightlife. It’s a young and vibrant city attracting tourists to its fun and nightlife. The whole city is alive with colourful lights, from the buildings, streets, clubs, cafes, bars etc it’s alive at night. Some of the best places to enjoy the nightlife in Bishkek are a metro pub, Promzona club, save the ales, Center bar etc.

10. Winter Tourism in Kyrgyzstan

Imagine the mountains of all covered in snow and frozen rivers everywhere, that’s what Kyrgyzstan is in the winter time. It’s a great time of the year to visit the country as you can see the beauty of Ala Archa gorge, a river that does not freeze in winter Issyk Kul, an active recreation place Karakol and many others.

Travel Guide

Kyrgyzstan Tour and Travel Guide

The country Kyrgyzstan is little known as a travel destination, and travellers have missed such a beauty in their travel list. The country is dreamlike and so peaceful and full of serene things around it.  It has a painting like sceneries and even better when you are close by to see the dreamlike image. Even though the people of this country are not so exposed to many tourists, yet they are so welcoming. The people welcome their guest with an open heart and a smiling face. The food is delightful with a mixture of variety to choose and enjoy.

Bishkek Travel Guide

Bishkek, the capital city is slowly becoming a modern city with its unique features and history. It’s a gateway to most of the mountain and glacier areas such as Ala Archa national park and Kyrgyz Ala too. The city has some cool and amazing architecture, monuments to be admired around Ala Too Square. Just a few hours away are the Ala Archa Park where you can hike and immerse yourself in the lush green vegetation, colourful flowers, snow peaks and beautiful rivers. Other places to see while you are in Bishkek are the Konorchek canyon, Burana tower, and some of the tasty food.


1. Penny Wise Kyrgyzstan

Items

Price in  Kyrgyzstani Som (KGS)

Price in Dollars ($)

 Meal for 2, in inexpensive Restaurant

306.06

5.01

 Meal for 2, in mid range Restaurant, Three-course

1808.77

29.60

 Combo Meal at McDonalds

185.67

3.04

 Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught)

68.39

1.12

 Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle)

122.22

2.00

 Cappuccino (regular)

97.48

1.60

 Coke/Pepsi (0.33 liter bottle)

35.32

0.58

 Milk (Regular, 1 Ltr.)    50.19

50.19

0.82

 Water (0.33 liter bottle)

21.56

0.35

 Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)

305.55

5.00

 Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro)

56.71

0.93

 Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)

91.66

1.50

 Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff)

12.49

0.20

 Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)

305.55

5.00

* Prices are our approximation and may vary slightly.
* Prices are market prices of articles and may vary at restaurants and hotels.

2. Accommodation in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is an affordable country which is cheap and accommodation is easy to find. There are a number of hotels in the city of Bishkek, but outside the city, you will find it hard to get hotels. There is a lot of bed and breakfast let out by some people in the more tourist-friendly area where you will be offered once you are at the bus stop. There are also the Turbazas, Yurt, and homestays which an alternative to hotel accommodation.
 
3. Transportation in Kyrgyzstan

Travelling by air within the country can be cheap but the airlines do not meet the international standards. Taxis are cheap and are available in all major towns of the country; dial-up services are more expensive but reliable and safer. Travelling by bike can also be adventurous if the terrain regions. There are also regular buses which operate between different towns and cities.

4. Shopping in Kyrgyzstan

You can buy handicrafts and food in Bishkek, Alamedin and Osh bazaars. For souvenirs, there are several shops and galleries along the avenue of Manas and Chui. Some of the souvenirs you can take back home are embroidered shyrdak, leather items, chess sets, jewellery and some tradition figures.
    
5. Best Time to Visit Kyrgyzstan

Visiting the country depends upon where you want to travel, if you want to head to northern Kyrgyzstan, June to September is a good season while March to October is a good season for southern Kyrgyzstan. Overall, summer is a great time where the places are easier to see and explore between the month of April and June.

6. Kyrgyzstan Travel Tips

Kyrgyzstan is highly seasonal
It’s is a safe country
Get a proper travel insurance
Extending a visa is not possible
Overstaying can be expensive
Religion is not a big deal
Kyrgyz is the national language
English is a problem
Try to learn a bit of the Cyrillic alphabet

7. Kyrgyzstan Flight Connections (Flight to Bishkek)

Destination: Bishkek-Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia)
Pickup & Drop: Delhi International Airport
Mode of Travel (Flight Details): Fixed Departure for Bishkek

8. Kyrgyzstan Tour FAQs

If you have any query about Kyrgyzstan Tourism, Tourist Destinations, Attractions, Visa Process, and other related tour information then visit Frequently Asked Questions of Kyrgyzstan.

 

Visa Information

Kyrgyzstan Visa Information:

Kyrgyzstan visa process takes 7 working days.

Documents Required:

• 2 Pics With White Background
• One photocopy of Passport
• Validity of passport should be for at least six months beyond period of expiry of India visa applied for.

Know more about Kyrgyzstan Tourist Visa!

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