Kazakhstan Cheat Sheet (Kazakhstan At a Glance):


 Formal Name

 Republic of Kazakhstan

 Location of Kazakhstan

 Central Asia






 2,724,900 km2 (1,052,100 sq mi)

 Land Boundaries

Total: 13,364 km, Border countries (5): China 1,765 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,212 km, Russia 7,644 km, Turkmenistan 413 km, Uzbekistan 2,330 km


 18 Million

 Ethnic Groups

 Kazakh, Russian, Uzbek, Ukrainian


 Kazakh & Russian

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 Kazakhstan is divided into 14 regions, 84 cities, 159 districts, 241 towns and 2,042 auls (villages)


 Sunni Muslims & Christianity


 Kazakhstani Tenge (KZT)

 Time Zone

 UTC + 5 / +6

 Calling Code


 Internet TLD


 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival


 Major Cities

 Almaty, Astana, Shymkent, Karaganda, Taraz, Aktobe, Pavlodar


Geography of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is officially known as Republic of Kazakhstan. It is world’s largest landlocked country and ninth largest in the world. Kazakhstan is also only one of two countries in the world which has territory in two continents. Talking about Kazakhstan Geography in current times then it has an area of 2,700,000 Sq. KM which is equivalent to size of Western Europe. Kazakhstan shares its borders with Russia, Uzbekistan, China, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan. Astana is capital city of Kazakhstan and other than this other major cities of Kazakhstan are Almaty, Karagandy, Shymkent and Atyrau. Kazakhstan is entirely located in Asia region but small portion of the country is also located in Eastern Europe which is west of the Ural Mountains.

Talking of Kazakhstan nature the country’s major part are steppes, deserts, semi-deserts and mountains. Being the largest landlocked country in the world Kazakhstan has no access to World Ocean but the territory of the country is touched by two land-locked seas namely Caspian and Aral.

Climate and Weather of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan Climate is extremely continental. Country has warm to hot summers and very cold winters. Because of big distance from oceans the country has warm summers and winters are quite cold. Summers are quite hot in the country as temperature can go up to 49° C and similarly winters are quite cold as temperatures can go down to – 30-40° C and even lower in the northern part. In fact, Astana, the capital city of Kazakhstan is known to be the second coldest capital city in the world. Kazakhstan is almost entirely covered by deserts and steppes which determines climate in Kazakhstan. This is why northern part gets the maximum rain while in south and centre it comes down significantly.

Kazakhstan Weather can be extreme during summers and winters. But as Kazakhstan is a big country so weather can vary in different parts of the country. Both summers and winters are ideal for tourists. Especially in winters snow covering in the country attracts lot of adventure sports lovers.

History of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan holds quite a significant place in the history of Central Asia region as it has been a historical crossroad and also homes for several empires, states and people throughout the history. The geographical and geopolitical position of Kazakhstan has played huge role in the overall development of the country. History of Kazakhstan is hugely impacted by the fact that it is located in the centre of Eurasia. This led to social, cultural, economic and lot of other influences from both east and west part of the world. At different junctures in Kazakhstan history different states emerged, developed and contributed in the making of Kazakhstan which we see today.

Because of the terrain and the climate of Kazakhstan, it had nomadic culture for longest period of time which can still be seen. The biggest example of this is the Yurt, which is a dome shaped portable house made from wood, a perfect stay for nomadic people. Though Kazakhstan is believed to be inhabited from Stone Age, yet it mainly came into existence in the beginning of 15th century. Since then it was under the rules of many outside emperors and in 19th century it came under the Soviet Union Rule from which it got independence in 1991 only as a result of Soviet Union fall out. So, Kazakhstan history is quite interesting and can be seen in the culture, architectural and social life of the country.

Culture and Traditions of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan Culture is what is today because of influences of who always lived here and those who came from outside and lived here for substantial length of time. Not to forget being at the crossroads of Asia and Europe thousands of people walked this land for trade and thy also left their footprints in creating Kazakhstan culture. However Kazak culture is very much influenced by Turkic nomadic lifestyle. There has been tradition of curses and blessings that affected animals. Animal husbandry was such an intrinsic part of the culture that people asked about the health of livestock first when they met each other and after that only they asked for the human aspect of their life.

Modern Kazakhstan lifestyle is influenced by western societies, Russia and China. Nomadic lifestyle also contributed in art and crafts of the country. Folk art developed here in tune with nomadic way of life. Kazakhstan traditions include craftwork of people here who made decorated clothes, jewellery, colourful rugs, embroidery and many other things. Even today in the local Bazaars of Kazakhstan one can find souvenirs, cloths, jewellery and rugs with lot of art work on it crafted by local craftsmen.

Food and Cuisine of Kazakhstan

Lamb, horse meat and variety of dairy milk products are the main items around which traditional Kazakh cuisine revolved. Nomadic way of life contributed hugely the cooking style, techniques and majority of ingredients that were used in Kazakhstan food. Food items were aimed to be preserved for long time and that is why they were cooked in certain manner. Beshbarmak is the most popular Kazakh dish. This is the national dish of Kazakhstan and this is made of horse or lamb meat. There are several other popular dishes made of horse meats in Kazakhstan. Other than these, Pilaf or palaw is the most common Kazakh food made of rice. Pilaf is served along with vegetables like carrots, onions and garlic, and chunks of meat.

Modern Kazakhstan cuisine is very much influenced by western countries especially in Astana and Almaty. This has resulted in lot of new breed of cuisine coming in Kazakhstan in recent years. Thus blends traditional savoury Kazakh dishes with European fast food items. And youth likes this new blend of cuisine very much. Visitors coming to Kazakhstan find it cool as well because now they have plenty of options here. 


Languages of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan language is Kazakh, also known as Qazaq is a part of the Nogai-Kipchak subgroup of north-eastern Turkic language. Many words of Kazakh language have been taken up from Russians, Kyrgyz, Han Chinese, Uighurs and Mongolians as people of Kazakhstan have mixed a lot with the people of these regions.
Interesting Facts About Kazakhstan:

1. It is the most multinational and multi cultural country on earth. Over one hundred different nationalities are living there.

2. Kazakhs are aggressive about feeding their guests. So the social life means going to cafes or restaurants. Not being hungry, being sick, having already eaten; none of these are excuses not to eat and drink socially. Your hosts will be offended if you do not eat a lot.

3. Even though Kazakhstan is land locked, they still have a Navy that guards the waters of Caspian Sea.

4. Kazakh people celebrate three new years eves each year; 1st January, 22nd March - spring equinox or renewal of nature and 14th January which has been the Russian legacy old new year.

5. Out of 110 elements from the Mendeleev's table of chemical elements 99 were detected on the mineral rich Kazakhstan territory.

6. Every car is a taxi here, there are not many official taxis and even those do not have fixed prices. One can simply wave on the street, discuss the destination and price and hop on. Kazakh people do not mind making some extra cash while commuting.

7. Kazakhstan has more horses than women.

8. The word "Kazakh" means "free independent nomad" or "wanderer".

9. The first manned space flight with Russian astronaut Yuri Gagarin, was launched in 1961 from the Baykonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

10. It is said that apples were first grown in south east Kazakhstan from where it spread around the world. The former capital Almaty was named after apples.

11. Kazakhstan was the first of the CIS countries to pay off its debt to IMF in 2000, seven years before it was due.

12. Kazakhstan has the second largest uranium reserves in the world (35% of world's production).

13. The comedy film Borat was not shot in Kazakhstan and the character is not Kazakh.



Kazakhstan Tourism

Kazakhstan is very rich in cultures and has abundant breathtaking landscapes. The new and ultra modern city of Astana is the new capital of Kazakhstan whereas Almaty is the former capital and often dubbed the cultural capital of Kazakhstan. It exhibits indomitable spirit from wild horses that symbolize nomadic freedom to the rapidly growing vibrant cities. Typically, Almaty Tour Package would cover all the essence of Kazakhstan and its richness of all sorts. Anyone who has visited Kazakhstan has had their notions shattered.

Unlike what many perceive a "stan" country to be, Kazakhstan is a very modern, liberal, tourist-friendly and a democratic nation! In recent times Almaty tours have emerged as a European Holiday Package in many ways, but for a fraction of the cost. Almaty city, located at Tien Shan Mountain ridge, is the economic, business, financial, transportation, shopping, educational, scientific, innovation, cultural and tourist centre of the country.

Almaty happens to be one of the most sought after destinations in the CIS countries. Hence trips (especially between April-Sept.) should be planned in advance as flights are often full. Almaty city, located at Tien Shan Mountain ridge, is the economic, business, financial, transportation, shopping, educational, scientific, innovation, cultural and tourist centre of the country. If you take the Almaty city tour you can learn about its history and development of the southern capital of Kazakhstan and see its major attractions:, Presidential Palace, Republic Square and Monument of  Independence, and Astana Square, Panfilov Park, Abai Square and Palace of Republic, Presidential Park.

Get to know more About Kazakhstan: Dook Dossier 2017-2018

Attractions in Almaty & Astana (Kazakhstan):

Medeo Skating Rink, Almaty

Kok Tobe Mountain, Almaty

Big Almaty Lake

Chimbulak Ski Resort, Almaty

The Charyn Canyon, Kazakhstan

Zenkov Cathedral of Holy Ascension, Almaty

Central Mosque, Almaty

Aquarium of Duman Entertainment Complex, Astana

President’s Cultural Center, Astana

Baikonur Cosmodrome

Taraz City


Travel Guide

Penny Wise Kazakhstan


Price in  Kazakhstani Tenge (KZT)

Price in Dollars ($)

 Meal for 2, in inexpensive Restaurant



 Meal for 2, in mid range Restaurant, Three-course



 Combo Meal at McDonalds



 Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught)



 Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle)



 Cappuccino (regular)



 Coke/Pepsi (0.33 liter bottle)



 Milk (Regular, 1 Ltr.)



 Water (0.33 liter bottle)



 Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)



 Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro)



 Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff)



 Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)



* Prices are our approximation and may vary slightly.
* Prices are market prices of articles and may vary at restaurants and hotels.

Kazakhstan Flight Connections (Flight to Almaty)

Destination: Almaty-Kazakhstan (Central Asia)
Pickup & Drop: Delhi International Airport
Mode of Travel (Flight Details): Fixed Departure for Almaty

Almaty Flight Connections:

• There are direct Air Astana flights from Delhi to Almaty.
• Fly Dubai have flights via Dubai from eight airports in India.
• Air Arabia flies to Almaty via Sharjah.

Frequency: Air Astana flights are daily ex-Delhi to Almaty and twice a week to Astana. Fly Dubai has connecting flights thrice a week.

Kazakhstan Tour FAQs

If you have any query about Kazakhstan Tourism, Tourist Destinations, Attractions, Visa Process, and other related tour information then visit Frequently Asked Questions of Kazakhstan.

Visa Information

Kazakhstan Visa Information

Visa: Normal visa process takes 20 working days. For urgent visa minimum 5 working days are required.

Documents Required:

• Covering Letter or Letter Head
• A copy of Passport and Employment Letter is required at the time of booking and later followed by 02 original passport size photographs with white background and original passport.
• Visa issuance is the sole right of Embassy of Kazakhstan.
Know more about Kazakhstan Tourist Visa!

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