About

Armenia Cheat Sheet (Armenia At a Glance):
 

 Formal Name

 Republic of Armenia

 Location of Armenia

 Western Asia

 Capital

 Yerevan

 Demonym

 Armenian

 Area

 29.743 km2 (11.484 sq mi)

 Land Boundaries

 Total: 1,570 km, Border Countries (4): Azerbaijan 996 km, Georgia 219 km, Iran 44 km, Turkey 311 km

 Population

 3 Million

 Ethnic Groups

 Armenian

 Languages

 Armenian

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 10 regions (marzes) - Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir,
Gegharkunik,Kotayk, Lori, Shirak, Syunik, Vayots Dzor, Tavush. The capital city,Yerevan,  is a separate administrative unit

 Religion

 Christians (Armenian Apostolic Church)

 Currency

 Dram (AMD)

 Time Zone

 UTC + 4

 Calling Code

 +374

 Internet TLD

 .hwj

 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival

 No

 Major Cities

 Yerevan, Gyumri, Vanadzor, Kapan, Armavir, Gavar, Echmiadzin, Ijevan, Razdan

 
Geography of Armenia

Armenia is country in southern Transcaucasia region. Armenia is one of the world’s oldest civilizations and a landlocked country located between two seas namely Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Armenia shares borders with Georgia on north, Iran on south, Azerbaijan on east and Turkey on west. Armenia is smallest country of all the former Soviet Republics. Present Armenia as we know today is only a fraction of ancient Armenia. Armenia Geography is such that country is majorly mountains. This is land of rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes. Yerevan is the capital city of Armenia.

Armenia Nature is known as land of rocks. This is because Armenia is a very mountainous country almost fully covered by the Lesser Caucasus Mountains. The highest point in Armenia is Mt. Aragats sitting at the height of 4,090m. From these mountains rivers flow fast down forming at least 3% the valleys of the Araks and Debet rivers. Lake Sevan is the most popular and largest lake in Armenia. This mountain lake sits 2,000 m above sea level.

Climate and Weather in Armenia

Armenia Climate is highland continental. This means Armenia is pleasant to hot in summers and cold to snowy in winters. But Armenia is generally called as sunny country. Climate in Armenia is influenced largely by the fact that majority of the country is at an elevation of minimum 2000 m. Four seasons are observed in Armenia. The summer is generally pleasant when temperature goes up to 25°C. However temperature can go up to 40°C in Ararat Valley. Similarly winters are cold and temperature can fall up to -5°C in Yerevan. Ararat valley can be colder up to - 30°C.

Armenia Weather is generally good during a year. Country has four seasons namely summer, winter, spring and autumn. Depending on height precipitation in Armenia is different in different region. Average precipitation in Armenia is 200-800 mm. Best time to visit Armenia is autumn and mid-spring. Springs are for a short period, while falls are long. During the fall country is known for mild and sunny weather making it best time to be here.

History of Armenia

Armenia History dates back to thousands of years. It is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Armenia was also the first country in the world to embrace Christianity in 301 as a religion. What is today’s Armenia is only half of ancient Armenia. From the Bronze Age up to 1000 BC several states flourished in the region of Greater Armenia.  They included Hittite Empire, Mitanni and Hayasa Azzi. People of Armenia from 1000 BC to 600 BC were under the Uratau Kingdom. And after that Armenia was under foreign forces constantly which made Armenians cosmopolitan as well as protector of their own culture and traditions.

Several outside forces attacked and ruled Armenia throughout history of Armenia. The country was conquered and ruled by Greeks, Romans, Persians, Byzantines, Mongols, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and Russians. Under Ottoman Turks Armenians are said to suffer the most. There is history of Armenian genocide as well in the early 20th century inflicted on them by Ottoman Turkey government. After that, much of Eastern Armenia regained independence in 1918, when the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia took place. Finally Armenia became the Republic of Armenia in 1991 after collapse of Soviet Union.

Culture and Traditions in Armenia

Armenia has a rich history and thus a very rich culture. Armenia Culture is influenced very much by the fact that several rulers had control over the land throughout its evolution. This is what you can observe in Armenian culture which is based on geography, literature, architecture, dance and music of people. Language of Armenia dates back to over 5000 years ago. However influence of trade and conquest changed the language over a period of time. Christianity is the religion that was first adopted in Armenia on this planet. Music, dance and literature have been integral part of the country. Literature in Armenia is said to begin around 401 AD when Armenian Alphabet was created. If you want to taste the rich art of Armenia then you should visit National Art gallery in Yerevan where over 15, 000 works dating back to middle ages can be observed which are indicative of rich stories of Armenia of that time.

Armenia Traditions are also interesting. Armenians are generally quiet people and they welcome visitors with warmth. Family and friendship both have very important place in Armenian tradition. Art and craft work of Armenian people are also worth exploring. They are very popular for carpet weaving and lace making. Historically women were always ahead in carpet weaving I the country but in some cases entire family participated in this.

Food and Cuisine in Armenia

Armenian Cuisine is as old as the history of the country. Cuisine was influenced by geographical land where Armenians lived as well as outside effect. Foods here have always been known for different tastes, aromas and quite a distinct smell. Cuisine of the country is closely related to eastern and Mediterranean cuisine. Different types of spices, vegetables, fish, and fruits very important elements and they are used to cook unique dishes here. Armenia is very much known for its wine and brandy also. Armenian cognac is renowned world over and it has won several awards as well.

The apricot is the national fruit of Armenia. Apricot was known as Prunus Armeniaca since Roman time which literally means "Armenian Plum". Lavash is very important part of Uzbek food. It is traditional bread expressing the culture of the land. Lavash has been included in UNESCO representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity. Uzbekistan food also comprises of a unique soup known as Khash. The dish was initially called Khashoy which was mentioned by many medieval Armenian authors. The pomegranate has a symbolic association with fertility in Armenia. So, one can experience several traditional as well modern food and beverages as part of Armenian cuisine in current times.
 
Languages of Armenia

Even though Armenian is the official and business language, yet majority of the population speak Russian in Armenia.
 
Interesting Facts About Armenia:

Armenia is the first country, that recognized Christianity as a national religion in 301.

The population in Armenia is approximately 3 mln., while there are about 10-11 mln. Armenians in the world.

Armenia is the first country that suffered because of Genocide by Turkey in 1915 (murdered about 1.5 mln. Armenians). Armenians celebrate their Genocide in each year's April 24th.

Armenia has 4 neighbours, 2 of them are enemies of Armenia - Turkey and Azerbaijan. Both countries keep Armenia under economic blockade.

There is Russian military base in Armenian second big city Gyumri which accomplishes Anti-Missile Defense.

Turkey doesn't recognize Armenian Genocide already 100 years and it complicates relations between Yerevan and Ankara.

Armenian language is the continuation of Aramean language which Jesus was speaking.

Chess is a compulsory subject in schools.

The first church in the world was built in Armenia.

Armenia is one of the only mono ethnic countries in the world. 97% of the people living in Armenia are Armenians and the remaining small percentage is made up of different ethnic minorities such as the Yazidis, Russians, Ukranians, Kurds, and more.

Armenia is home to the world’s longest non-stop double track cable car. The cable car runs for a total of 5,752 meters, or 18,871 feet. It was opened on October 16, 2010 and was put in the record books for its length, and hasn’t been beaten yet.

When you say "merci" in Armenia, you mean Thank you!

Yerevan has a deep, Soviet-style metro underneath it. At many of the metro stops are large underground shopping markets. You can buy $10 Nikes and Louis Vuittons here. Authenticity card not included.

The entire country worships Mt Ararat which is also the national symbol of Armenia. Mt Ararat protected Armenia from a super strong earthquake! They also believe that the peak of Mt Ararat was where Noah’s ark was found.

 

Tourism

Armenia Tourism

Welcome to Armenia! - The most ancient country that stood on the routes connecting Europe and Asia. This is not only the first ever Christian state but also one of the earliest states on the earth - already in the 9th-6th centuries BC the powerful state of Urartu existed on the territory of Armenia. Numerous epochs left their traces on its territory, so in terms of quantity of historical and cultural monuments this country can be considered as one of the most interesting in the Old World. Armenia is sometimes called "open-air museum". Here you will find traces left from almost all ancient civilizations of the Old World, and numerous monuments of art and architecture (churches, monasteries, temples, holy places) make the country a keeper of culture masterpieces It is one of the first countries that adopted Christianity as its religion in 301 AD, thus becoming the first Christian country.

Armenia is especially valued by people who enjoy culture tourism. They are attracted there by tremendous beauty of nature, natural rest, exotic atmosphere of mountaineers' way of life, the hospitality of Armenian people and unique ancient culture of Armenians. Armenia is indeed unique. Its ancient churches and castles, high-mountain lakes and rivers, majestic rocks, deep canyons hide thousand of stories mysteries. The ancient architectural monuments, original traditions and customs, delicious ethnic cuisine, exclusive arts and crafts and unique nature of places where high mountains are replaced by deep gorges, woods - by semi-deserts, and droughty plains - by snow-peaked mountains are waiting for you.

Yerevan - There are only few modern cities in the world which are as old as Yerevan. In 2018 the city will celebrate its 2,800th anniversary. This ancient city was founded in 782 BC by the tsar of Ancient Urartu – Argishti I who built the fortress on Arin-Berd hill and named it Erebuni. That fortress gave the name to the city which grew around. The ancient slab found by archeologists on that hill became the original birth certificate of the city. The cuneiform writing says: "With the help of great God Haldi the tasr Argishti, the son of Menua constructed this powerful fortress and named it Erebuni". It was 29 years prior to the origination of Rome.

Come and enjoy the mosaic of cultural and spiritual life of Armenia.

Get to know more About Armenia: Dook Dossier 2017-2018

Attractions in Yerevan & Armenia:

Tatev Monastery
 
Temple of Garni
 
The Cascades, Yerevan
 
Matenadaran - The Museum of Ancient Manuscripts, Yerevan
 
Khor Virap Monastery
 
The Monastery of Geghard
 
Lake Sevan
 
Republic Square, Yerevan

Travel Guide

Penny Wise Armenia

Items

Price in AMD

Price in Dollars ($)

 Meal for 2, in mid range Restaurant, Three-course

AMD 10000

$25.00

 Combo Meal at McDonalds or Similar

AMD 2040

$5.10

 Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught)

AMD 385

$ .96

 Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle)

AMD 540

$1.35

 Cappuccino (regular)

AMD 775

$1.94

 Coke/Pepsi (0.33 liter bottle)

AMD 285

$1.94

 Water (1.5 liter bottle)

AMD 265

$.66

 Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)

AMD 1960

$4.90

 Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro)

AMD 600

$1.50

 Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)

AMD 600

$1.50

 Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff)

AMD 100

$.25

 Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)

AMD 1000

$2.50

* Prices are our approximation and may vary slightly.
* Prices are market prices of articles and may vary at restaurants and hotels.

Armenia Flight Connections (Flight to Yerevan)

Destination: Yerevan - Armenia
Pickup & Drop: Delhi International Airport
Mode of Travel (Flight Details): Fixed Departure for Yerevan

Yerevan Flight Connections:

• Air Arabia have flights via Sharjah from Delhi.
• Fly Dubai has flights to Yerevan via Dubai from 8 ports in India.

Frequency:

• Air Arabia have connecting flights to Yerevan four days a week.
• Fly Dubai has daily flights from 8 ports.

Armenia Tour FAQs

If you have any query about Armenia Tourism, Tourist Destinations, Attractions, Visa Process, and other tour related information then visit Frequently Asked Questions of Armenia.

Visa Information

Armenia Visa Information:

Armenian visa process takes 15 working days.

Documents Required:

• Original Passport
• 2 Pics with White Background
• Covering Letter Or Letter Head

Know more about Armenia Tourist Visa!

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