About

Georgia Cheat Sheet (Georgia At a Glance):
 

 Formal Name

 Georgia

 Location of Georgia

 Asia / Europe (Intersection of Europe & Asia)

 Capital

 Tbilisi

 Demonym

 Georgian

 Area

 69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi)

 Land Boundaries

 Total: 1,814 km, Boder Countries: Russia 894 km, Turkey 273 km, Armenia 219 km, Azerbaijan 428 km

 Population

 3.7 Million

 Ethnic Groups

 Georgians, Azerbaijanis and Armenians

 Languages

 Georgian, Abkhaz

 Administrative and Territorial Structure

 9 Regions, 2 Autonomous Republics, 76 Municipalities

 Religion

 Georgian Orthodox Church

 Currency

 Georgian Lari (GEL)

 Time Zone

 UTC +4 ( GET)

 Calling Code

 +995

 Internet TLD

 .ge

 Drives On

 Right Side

 Visa on Arrival

 No

 Major Cities

 Tbilisi, Batumi, Kutaisi, Rustavi, Gori, Zugdidi

 
Geography of Georgia

Georgia is a country in mountainous south Caucasus regionin Eurasia. Georgia is located at the juncture of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Georgia Geography covers an area of over 69,000 square KM and shares borders with Russia in the north, Turkey and Armenia in south, Azerbaijan in east and black sea in the west. Georgia has enclosed high valleys, wide basins, health spas with famous mineral waters, caves and waterfalls. The country has varied landscapes and amazing beauty at the same time. Tbilisi is the capital city of Georgia. Tbilisi is located on the banks of the river Mtkvari, in a valley surrounded by hills.

Mountains in the country determine Georgia Nature. The greater Caucasus ranges cross the country where the highest peaks are Mt. Shkhara and Mt. Kazbek. Country is very lively which visitors can observe in its warm climate, stone houses built around vine-draped courtyards, and winding streets.

Climate and Weather in Georgia

Georgia Climate is influenced by two factors. One is subtropical influence from the west side and two is continental influence from the east side. Greater Caucasus range moderates the local climate. It acts as a barrier for the cold air that comes from the north. Climate in Georgia is dominant subtropical in Kolhida lowland from Abkhazia to the borders of Turkey that goes along black sea coast. This region has high humidity and heavy precipitation. In this region average temperature in winters is 5 °C and average temperature in summers is 22 °C. In the plains of Georgia it is mainly continental climate as the region is shielded by mountains. In this region average temperature is 3 °C in winters and 22 °C in summers. Other regions have distinct microclimates in Georgia.

Georgia Weather is generally quite good. Summers are warm in the capital city and winters are long, cold and partly cloudy as well. Best time to visit Georgia is from early July till the late of August.

History of Georgia

History of Georgia has been full of unions and collapses. First time the country was united in 8th to 9th century under Bagrationi dynasty by the king Bagrat III. From that time till mid of 13th century the country flourished first under King David IV the Builder and then Queen Tamar the Great. In 1243 however Georgia was invaded by Mongols and Georgia fell to them. Country reunited for a while and again fell to Timurid Empire. Georgia was fragmented into many kingdoms and principalities by 1490. This continued and Georgia struggled to maintain its autonomy for a long time against Ottoman and Iranian. Finally Georgia got freedom from domination of Ottoman and Iranian only to be annexed by Russian empire in 19th century.

Georgia History saw domination of external powers leaving the land divided. For a while during 1918-1921 Georgia saw independence and then later on became part of Transcaucasian Socialist Federative soviet Republic from 1922 to 1936. After that it formed Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic until Soviet Union was finally dissolved. Georgia became independent at the fall of Soviet Union in 1991 and since then it is independent Republic of Georgia. Visitors can experience the history of Georgia best by walking the land themselves.

Culture and Traditions of Georgia

Georgia Culture evolved over centuries. Throughout the long history, the country evolved with a unique national culture and literary tradition. This allowed culture of Georgia to be distinctive despite being under foreign occupation for very long time. Georgian is the primary language of Georgia. Georgian Orthodox is the religion followed by almost 65% Georgians. Russian Orthodox or Armenian Apostolic religions are followed by 18-20 % population. Religion however is the not an impacting factor in Georgian culture. Persian culture spread and influenced Georgia significantly from early 16th century until 19th century. This is because many Georgian kings were either born or raised in Iran. This can be seen in Georgian columns, painting, literature and architecture.

People of Georgia are quite welcoming where in Georgia tradition guests are considered as gift. When people meet they shake hands saying “gamarjoba” which means “hello”. Giving gifts is also a natural thing in the tradition. Other traditions of Georgia are also worth exploring. Culture of craftsmanship is widespread in the country where folk craftsmanship even now makes handmade products and not in a factory. Folk craftsmanship started in Georgia thousands years ago when mankind created stone tools, carved patterns on stone and developed aesthetic vision. In Tbilisi, in historic town Mtskheta you can see people selling traditional handcrafted toys and other products.

Food and Cuisine in Georgia

Tourists visiting Georgia find cuisine of the place one of the main attractions. Georgian cuisine is thousands years old pertaining to Georgian cooking style and dishes. Georgian cuisine is specific to the country but also have some influences from Europe and Middle East. It includes variety of Georgia food and dishes rich in many herbs and spices. Different historical provinces of Georgia have distinct culinary traditions. Georgian food is mainly variety of vegetarian based dishes. Both food and drink has importance in Georgia and it can be best observed during a feast called supra. During feast a huge assortment of dishes are prepared and they are accompanied by big amount of local (one of the world’s oldest) wine. Tamada or toastmaster has honoured position in a Georgian feast.

Popular local Georgia cuisines are Abkhazia, Adjara and Guria. Most popular Georgian food from Abkhazia cuisine is Abysta (Porridge made of corn) and the most popular dessert is Akuarkuar, cookie with honey. In Adjara cuisine in moutians, dairy products are main items. Most popular dish in Adjara is Adjaruli Khachapuri and Borano. Guria is mainly based on chicken meat, corn breads and walnuts. Satsivi (Meat, mostly chicken) is the most popular dish in Guria. So, on your trip to Georgia, you have plenty of dishes to try and taste.
 
Languages of Georgia

The national and primary language of Georgia is Georgian. The language is a part of Caucasus region but it is very different from other languages outside its area.
 
Interesting Facts About Georgia

Georgia isn't called Georgia by the locals. Instead they refer to their homeland as Sakartvelo, Georgia's ancient name.

What's the highest mountain range in Europe isn't the Apls; It's the Caucasus Mountains marking the border between Georgia and Russia with its second highest peak in Georgia and its called Shkara (5,193m/ 17,040ft). Mt. Shkara, which is 400m taller than Mont Blanc is fast becoming a destination for climbers, trekkers and skiers.

One can see Joseph Stalin's posters at most market places. Stalin, a revered leader, was someone who defeated Hitler and had an impact on world history.
 
There are numerous space-age looking architectures in Georgia. The parliament looks like a huge glass bubble similar to a giant frog's eye. The new police stations have been built all glass and see through, symbolic of Georgia's aspirations for democratic transparency.

There is a lot of body contact between men in Georgia. Men stroll down the main avenue arm-in-arm, or lounge on street corners, limbs entwined. While anti-gay protests have proved there's a large number of people who are homophobic but many Georgians were shocked by the intolerance calling it "a sad day for Georgia".

Georgian's are friendly to the extent that they can pull out a bottle of Chacha or home-made wine and raise a toast. Both must be downed in large shots. Georgians like to invite friends for full-scale traditional dinner. Hence the term "Georgian Hospitality"

While many European nations have seen religious adherence fall in recent decades, the Orthodox Church in Georgia is booming. Over 80% of Georgians say they belong to the Church while its head, Patriarch Ilia II, is the most respected public figure by far. The churches have kept people united and kept them connected.

Georgians do not believe in being dependent on government or administration system and rely heavily on friends and family in times of need. For example they'd say - "I have a cousin, uncle or a friend who can sort this problem.

The world’s deepest cave is the Voronya Cave in Georgia.

Georgia is considered as a transcontinental country as it spans from Europe and South-west Asia.

 

Tourism

Georgia Tourism

The greatness of Georgia lies in the greatness of its history, nature and rich cultures. Numerous monuments - cult structures of the early Christianity, ancient churches and monasteries hiding in the Caucasian Mountains have been silent witnesses to its rich history. The landscapes consist of high mountains, rapid rivers, green meadows, the turquoise sea, etc. The generosity of the inhabitants of Georgia is best expressed by the saying “the Georgian hospitality” which essentially is a cheerful feast with endless toasts and flow of refined Georgian wines. The beauty of Georgian nature, the freshest air, the unique coniferous forests, the beautiful mountain lakes, the Alpine meadows and healing mineral springs; sacred places – the unique monuments of early Christian culture, numerous resorts known all over the world – Batumi, Tskhaltubo, Sukhumi, Borzhomi, Gagra and many other things attract tourist from around the globe.

Tbilisi City: The history of this amazing city goes back as far as the 5th century when the Georgian king Vakhtang Gorgasali ordered to build a city in the center of the fertile valley cozily lying between two Caucasian ridges. It originated from the word “tbili” - warm. Present - day Tbilisi is one of the safest cities in Europe and frequently ranks among the most popular emerging destinations. Thanks to Georgia's growing tourism industry. Historically, Tbilisi has been home to people of diverse cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. Notable landmarks include cathedrals like Sameba and Sioni, the medieval Narikala Fortress, classical avenues Rustaveli and Agmashenebeli, as well as the exotically - designed Georgian National Opera Theater.

Get to know more About Georgia: Dook Dossier 2017-2018

Attractions in Tbilisi & Georgia:

Lake Ritsa
 
Uplistsicke
 
Mount Kazbek
 
Batumi Boulevard, Batumi
 
Vardzia
 
Narikala Fortress, Tbilisi
 
Aerial Tramway, Tbilisi

Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, Mtskheta

Tsminda Sameba Cathedral, Tbilisi

 

Travel Guide

Penny Wise Georgia

Items

Price in  Georgian Lari (GEL)

Price in Dollars ($)

 Meal for 2, in inexpensive Restaurant

11.07

4.92

 Meal for 2, in mid range Restaurant, Three-course

40

17.78

 Combo Meal at McDonalds

13.57

6.03

 Domestic Beer (0.5 liter draught)

2

0.89

 Imported Beer (0.33 liter bottle)

3

1.33

 Cappuccino (regular)

2.97

1.32

 Coke/Pepsi (0.33 liter bottle)

0.97

0.43

 Milk (Regular, 1 Ltr.)

2.47

1.10

 Water (0.33 liter bottle)

0.53

0.24

 Bottle of Wine (Mid-Range)

10

4.45

 Pack of Cigarettes (Marlboro)

3.0

1.33

 Taxi Start (Normal Tariff)

2

0.89

 Taxi 1km (Normal Tariff)

0.60

0.27

 Taxi 1hour Waiting (Normal Tariff)

8

3.56

* Prices are our approximation and may vary slightly.
* Prices are market prices of articles and may vary at restaurants and hotels.

Georgia Flight Connections (Flight to Tbilisi)

Destination: Tbilisi - Georgia
Pickup & Drop: Delhi International Airport
Mode of Travel (Flight Details): Fixed Departure for Tbilisi

Tbilisi Flight Connections:

• Air Arabia and Fly Dubai have flights to Tbilisi via Sharjah and Dubai respectively, from numerous airports in India.
• Air Astana has flights ex-Delhi via Almaty.
• Air Arabia and Fly Dubai have flights to Batumi ex-Delhi.

Frequency:

• Fly Dubai have daily flights from 8 ports.
• Air Arabia has flights to Tbilisi 3-4 times a week from 13 ports in India.

Georgia Tour FAQs

If you have any query about Georgia Tourism, Tourist Destinations, Attractions, Visa Process, and other tour related information then visit Frequently Asked Questions of Georgia.

 

Visa Information

Georgian Visa Information:

Georgian visa process takes 7 working days.

Contact for more details about Georgia Tourist Visa!

Enquiry Form
Date of Travel
No of Travelers
SUBMIT


Reviews